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Reading is most important for medical students' learning. This prospective cohort study had aimed to find out how the reading behavior of medical students leads to success in academic achievement. The study used a questionnaire and the student's pediatric grades for data collection from 4th to 6th year medical students at Department of Pediatrics, Naresuan University Hospital in the academic year 2017. There were 90 medical students, 40 (44.4%) male and 50 (55.6%) female. Most students' preferred time was at night and after midnight (00.30-06.00 am.), 48 (53.3%). The most common characteristics of reading and memorizing were note-taking 43.2%, reading alone 29.6% and reading with friends 12.5%. There was no correlation between time for reading and character of reading with pediatric grades. In conclusion, most medical students read after midnight, used note-taking and reading behavior has no correlation with academic achievement
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