The Effects of a Psycho-Education Program on the Depressive Symptoms Among Older Adults

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Pongsak Ubonwannee
Suwanee Keawkingkeo Keawkingkeo
Nutchanart Bunthumporn


Depressive symptoms, commonly found in the elderly, affected their quality of life and their families,
thus leading to social, community and national problems. This quasi-experimental research aimed to examine
the effects of the psycho-education program on the depressive symptoms among the older adults.
The participants were 66 older adults, aged 60-89 years. They were randomized into an experimental group
and a control group, 33 persons in each group. The experimental group participated in the psycho-education
program with two hours session weekly for eight weeks. The control group received standard care. The results
were collectedby using the Thai Depressive Inventory (TDI) evaluation form. Data were analyzed by using
descriptive statistics included frequency, percentage and mean. The results of both groups were compared
with chi-square, Fisher’s exact test and t-test.The results showed that the mean scores of depressive symptoms
in the experimental group after participated in the psycho-education program (6.21) were lower than the
mean scores before engaged the program (19.00) (p < 0.001). The difference of the mean score of preand
post-receiving psycho-education program (12.79) was more than the experimental groups (0.67)
(p < 0.001).Therefore, the psycho-education program is effective in reducing the depressive symptoms of the
older adults. The health personnel can apply the psycho-education program for the elderly to reduce
their depressive symptoms.


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