Health Behavior and Self-management to Prevent Covid-19 Among People Live in Community Service Area of Faculty of Medicine Ramathibodi Hospital

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Patsima Pattarateeranon
Rungtiwa Saowanee
Phatcharakoraphot Sreeprasarn
Nipawan Sriyoha


Information on people's health behaviors and self-management in the prevention of coronavirus disease 2019 to help community nurses create nursing plans for health promotion and prevention. The objective of people's health behaviors and self-management is to prevent covid -19 in the community service area of the Faculty of Medicine Ramathibodi Hospital. These are 8 slum communities, selected samples from the data collection during March - April 2020 from the record of health behavior and self-management of people towards the prevention of covid-19 with complete information. A total of 496 samples were obtained. Descriptive statistic was used to analyze.
The result showed that majority of people take action to prevent covid-19 in more than 90.00% of critical issues. For example, wearing a mask when going outside, washing hands often with soap and water, covering mouth and nose when coughing/sneezing, and washing hands immediately, avoiding and touching the face, eyes, nose, and mouth. And keep a distance of 1-2 meters from other people, etc. Most people follow government policies such as refraining from traveling between Bangkok and other provinces abroad 97.38 %, people who have come into contact with or are in close contact with a patient infected with covid-19 will be quarantined 92.14 %, refraining from being at risk of the covid-19 82.46 %, use personal eating utensils such as spoons/glasses/dishes 79.43%. Needs and opinions to prevent covid-19, People need facemasks/ cloth masks, alcohol gel, reliable sources and health consulting 24 hours, enough service points for vaccination, a service point for temperature measurement risk screening and surveillance of infection in the community, having regular publicity for voice the calls in community, Having a knowledge board of covid-19 and the process of receiving services/transfer system from home to hospital, etc. Using right information from this research by providing and supporting that people need will help increase their potential to take care of themselves.


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