Health Promotion Program with Family Participation among Uncontrolled Type 2 Diabetic Elderly

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Panomporn Kaewmoon
Sutham Nanthamongkolchai
Chokchai Munsawaengsub
Supachai Pitikultang
Korravan Yodmai

Abstract

     The quasi-experimental research aimed to study the health promotion program with family participation among uncontrolled type 2 diabetic elderly by applying the concept of health beliefs model and the concept of social support theory with family participation on the knowledge about diabetic, perceived risk, perceived severity, perceived benefits and barriers, self-care practice, and blood sugar level of the uncontrolled type 2 diabetic elderly in Phanomsarakham District, Chachengsao Province. The samples were 66 elderly aged 60-69 years divided into the experimental group and comparison group with 33 elderly in each group. The program consisted of 5 activities including; Diabetes Knowledge Awareness, Good Care and Routine Practice, Choosing a Safe Life, Follow Up and Prompted Support by Online Media, and Diabetes Relieving Contract. The program was designed for family member participation. The data were collected using questionnaires which included general characteristics, knowledge, perception, and self-care practice of the elderly toward diabetic. Data were analyzed using frequency, percentage, mean, standard deviation, Chi-square, Paired t-test, and Independent t-test.


     The results showed that after the experiment, the average knowledge score on perception of susceptibility, perception of severity, perceived benefits and barriers to self-care, and self-care practices of the experimental group were significantly higher than the comparison group with statistical significance         (p<0.05). Also, they were able to control blood sugar levels better than the comparison group after the experiment. It is suggesed that health agencies could implement the program among uncontrolled type 2 diabetic elderly to provide them with better health.


       It is suggesed that health agencies could implement the program among uncontrolled type 2 diabetic elderly to provide them better health.

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