Effects of Health Promotion Program for Preventing Iodine Deficiency Disorders among Pregnancies and Social Support from Husband in Phu Pha Man District, Khon Kaen Province

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Chalermpon Sokhamkaew
Pannee Banchonhattakit

Abstract

This study was quasi-experimental research aimed to test the effects of health promotion program for preventing of iodine deficiency disorders among pregnancies and social support from husband. This program was applied the protection motivation theory and social support. The participants were 60 pregnant women in their first trimester, 30 subjects were randomly assigned to be an experimental group and a comparison group. The experimental group received a health promotion program which consisted of lectures, group discussions, food cooking demonstration, iodized salt examination, “hug for love between husband and wife,” guideline for prevention of iodine deficiency disorders during pregnant, and “diary of love” to record iodine food intake. Husband participated in all activities. The comparison group did not receive this program but received only knowledge from health personal. The duration of the program was 12 weeks. Data were collected by questionnaires and urinary iodine concentration (UIC). Demographic data were summarized using descriptive statistics and comparative analysis within and between groups were analyzed by paired t-test and independent t-tests. The level of 95% significance was tested.
The results showed that after intervention, the experimental group had statistically significant mean scores of knowledge, perceived severity, perceived susceptibility, self-efficacy, response efficacy, practice to prevent iodine deficiency disorders, social support from husband and urinary iodine concentration (UIC) higher than those before intervention, and the comparison group (p-value < 0.001).

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