Factors Influencing to Stress of Nursing Students while Practicing in Intensive Care Unit

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Arunrat Phomma
Saowaluk Netchang
Paitoon Mapiw
Naiyana Kaewkong
Weerayuth Inpanao

Abstract

          This research aimed to explore the factors influencing the stress in nursing students while taking the nursing practice at the Intensive Care Unit (ICU). Factors include the cumulative grade point averages (C-GPA), the knowledge of ICU care, the clinical care unit and patients’ status, faculty and preceptors, and nursing practice colleges. A simple random sampling was used to recruit a sample of 89 third-year students of Boromarajonani College of Nursing, Uttaradit in the academic year of 2019. The research instrument is the questionnaire of the factors influencing the stress in nursing students which was tested for the Index of Consistency (ioc) of .92. The reliability of the questionnaires of knowledge critical care were .97. The reliability of the questionnaires of the factors influencing stress were .93. The validity of the questionnaires of knowledge critical care were .85. The validity of the questionnaires of the factors influencing stress were .89. The reliability of the questionnaires of Suanprung Stress Test were .95. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and stepwise multiple regression.


          The results showed as follow:


1) Majority of the samples were female (92.13%), the age of 21 years old (47.19%), the C-GPA of 2.51-3.00 (55.43%), and the moderate level knowledge of ICU care (65.17%).


2) Most of nursing students had a high level of stress during ICU practice (62.92%).


3) Factor significantly influenced the stress in nursing students during ICU practice was the faculty/ preceptors (Beta = .288, t = 2.809, p-value = .006).


          The nursing students should be prepared in the aspects of the relationship with faculty and preceptors. The proper model/ or learning activities including the pre-clinic program would help reducing the stress and enhancing happiness and quality of care.

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บทความวิจัย (Research articles)

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