The Effect of Group Health Education Combined with Aerobic Exercise on Quality of life in Schizophrenic Patients with Negative Symptoms

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จิระภา สุมาลี
รัชนีกร อุปเสน

Abstract

          This study is a quasi-experimental pretest-posttest control groups research design. The object were to compare: 1) quality of life in schizophrenic patients with negative symptoms before and after received group health education combined with aerobic exercise, and 2) quality of life in schizophrenic patients with negative symptoms who received group health education combined with aerobic exercise and those who received regular nursing care. The samples of 40 schizophrenic patients with negative symptoms. The samples were randomly assigned into either experimental or control group, 20 subjects in each group. The experimental group received health education combined with aerobic exercise, whereas the control group received the regular nursing care. The research instruments consisted of: 1) health education combined with aerobic exercise developed by the researcher based on health education concept of Kaewwannarat (2003) combined with aerobic exercise process of Acil, Dogan & Dogan (2008) and group process concept of Marram (1978), 2) negative syndrome scale, and 3) WHOQOL–BREF–THAI. The reliability of 2nd and 3rd instruments were reported by Kuder-Richardson 20 method and Cronbach’s Alpha coefficient as of .73 and .95, respectively. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistic, and t-test.


          The conclusions of this research were as follows:


1) Quality of life in schizophrenic patients with negative symptoms who received group health education combined with aerobic exercise was significantly higher than that before at p .05;


2) Quality of life in schizophrenic patients with negative symptoms who received group health education combined with aerobic exercise was significantly higher than those who received the regular nursing care at p .05.

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บทความวิจัย (Research articles)

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