Development of the Academic Burnout Scale (Thai Version)

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Suchada Ruengesri
Yokfah Isaranon


Academic burnout is a state that undergraduate students commonly experience. This is caused by the accumulation of stress related to their studies and situations that have occurred. Academic burnout is related to negative consequences in various aspects of a student's life. Therefore, prioritizing research and assessing academic burnout are crucial. The purpose of this study is to develop and review the quality of the Academic Burnout Scale (Thai Version). The researcher developed the scale and distributed it to three experts for content validity testing through an IOC investigation. Afterwards, data was collected from 168 undergraduate students between the ages of 18 and 25 using convenience and snowball sampling methods. Subsequently, the researcher utilized the collected data to investigate the scale's reliability by calculating Cronbach's alpha coefficient and examine its construct validity through Second Order Confirmatory Factor Analysis.

The results of the study indicated that the Academic Burnout Scale, consisting of 20 items, has internal consistency with a Cronbach's alpha coefficient of .93. The scale was composed of three dimensions: emotional exhaustion, cynicism, and inefficacy, each comprising 8, 7, and 5 items, respectively. The factor loadings for each dimension ranged from .37 to .94 for emotional exhaustion, .53 to .88 for cynicism, and .69 to .85 for inefficacy. Additionally, the academic burnout model demonstrated consistency with empirical data, as indicated by χ² = 142.44, df = 121, RMSEA = .03, SRMR = .06, and CFI = .99. Therefore, the Academic Burnout Scale (Thai Version) was found to possess both reliability and validity and can be used to assess academic burnout among undergraduate students.


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