The Effect of Food Consumption Program Applied Information Motivation and Behavioral Skills Model on Blood Sugar Level Control of Diabetes Patients, Samutprakan Province

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Anuchart Soypatsa
Manirat Therawiwat
Nirat Imamee


This quasi-experimental research design aimed to investigate the effectiveness of the
application of information motivation and behavioral skills model for food consumption on blood
sugar level control of diabetes patients, Samutprakan Province.The samples were composed of
the type 2 diabetes patients 50 cases, with 25 cases each in the experimental and the comparison
groups. The experimental group participated in the program developed by applying the
information motivation and behavioral skills model and self-efficacy theory while the comparison
group received a regular program from the Sub-district Health Promoting Hospital. The
experimentation was lasted for 12 weeks. Data collection was done by using the interviewing
schedule. Data were analyzed by using frequency, percentage, arithmetic mean, standard
deviation, Paired sample t-test, and Independent t-test.
The research results showed that after the experimental group significantly higher levels
of knowledge of food consumption, perceived self-efficacy, outcome expectations, food
consumption behavioral, better than before the experimentation and the comparison group
(p<0.001) and the significantly lower level of blood sugar was found in the experimental group
than before the experimentation (p<0.001) and the comparison group (p=0.003). Concluded that
the health education program effectiveness in changing food consumption and reduce blood
sugar levels. Thus, this type of program should be applied with type 2 diabetic patients in
promoting food consumption behavioral and order to control blood sugar level.

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