Food Consumption Behavior Among Metabolic Syndrome Risk Thai Muslim in Nongchok District, Bangkok

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Sirada Klinchuen
Patcharanee Pavadhgul
Manirat Therawiwat
Nirat Imamee


This cross-sectional study aimed to determine food consumption behavior
modifying factors, perception factors, stimulation factors and their association among
metabolic syndrome risk Thai Muslim in Nongchok district Bangkok. Data were collected
using a questionnaire consisted of 3 parts: 1) modifying factors 2) perception factors 3)
stimulation factors and using food frequency questionnaire to assess food consumption
behavior. Samples were 230 abdominal obesity, age 31-59 years. Data were analyzed the
association by using chi-square test and Pearson’s correlation coefficient.
The result of this study showed 43.5% of subject had high risk of food consumption
behavior the frequency of diet intake, most of participants consumed such as fried food,
coconut milk food, single-plate food, high-sugar food, vegetables and fruits average 14.91,
5.96, 5.73, 3.77, 8.59 and 5.08 meals per week, respectively the mean score of perceived
susceptibility, perceived severity, perceived benefit were at a moderate level but
perceived barriers were at a low level. Statistically significant was found in the association
between age, education, revenue and food consumption behavior (p<0.05) However, There
were not significant association between perception factors, stimulating factors and food
consumption behavior. Finding of this study showed that food consumption behavior,
environmental and social support were improper, perceived barriers were at a low level.
The health care providers should encourage preventive behavior about metabolic
syndrome among Thai Muslim.

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