Health-Promoting Behaviors of Secondary Secondary School Teachers, Surin Province

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Pimolnat Suesat
Supreya Tansakul
Manirat Therawiwat
Nirat Imame

Abstract

This cross-sectional survey research was to investigate the factors related to health promoting
behaviors of secondary school teachers in Surin Province by applying the PRECEDE Framework for
setting the conceptual research framework. The sample consisted of 359 secondary school teachers
who were selected by employing the multi-stage sampling method. The data were collected by using
self-administered questionnaires, and data analysis was done by computing frequency, percentage,
mean, standard deviation, the Chi-square test, and Pearson’s Product Moment Correlation. The
results showed that food consumption and exercise behaviors were at the low level (79.4%). Age and
marital status were the factors that related significantly and positively with health-promoting behaviors
while no significant relationship was found between sex, Body Mass Index, educational level and
health- promoting behaviors. The predisposing factor in regard to perceived benefits was found to
relate significantly with health-promoting behaviors, but no significant relationship was found among
health-promoting behaviors, perceived obstacles, and perceived self-efficacy. The enabling factor
was environmental influences in schools and houses/communities and the reinforcing factor was the
influence of public health personnel. These research results can be utilized for setting policy,
strategies, and methods of implementing program to encourage health-promoting behaviors of
secondary school teachers in Surin Province, whereas these programs should be implemented at the
organizational, policy, and individual levels continuously.

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