Experiences of Multiple Risk Behaviors through Female Secondary School Student ’s Perception: A Qualitative Descriptive Study
Keywords:female secondary school students, multiple risk behaviors, experiences, qualitative descriptive study
Introduction: The incidence rate of multiple risk behaviors (MRB) in Thai female adolescents have increased continuously. However, factors causing adolescent risk-taking behavior have highlighted only a single risk behavior, and lack of deep understanding the factors and experiences of multiple risk behaviors taking among Thai female adolescents. Research objectives: To study the experiences of multiple risk behaviors through female secondary school student’s perception. Research methodology: This study is qualitative descriptive study. Focus groups of 16 female secondary school students with multiple risk behaviors in Samut Prakan province. The data were analyzed by content analysis. Results: The findings indicated that 16 female secondary school students had engaged in MRB, ranging between two to eight risk behaviors. Most of them started their risk taking with alcohol drinking. After that, other types of risk-taking behaviors can be followed from a period of 1 week to 1 month. Situations that allowed female secondary school students engaging in MRB, such as party after the exam, camp, and having party at their friend’s house etc. Regarding, main causes of MRB, most of female secondary school students perceived that they lacked of self-confidence to control risky behaviors when their friends persuaded them because they felt afraid to refuse their friends, they also afraid their friends feel dissatisfaction, and afraid to not get along with friends. Female secondary school students had intentions to not avoided various risk-taking behaviors by did not avoid to have this risk when having a chance. Conclusions: Causes of MRB among female secondary school students include low perceived ability to control MRB and low intention to avoid MRB. Implications: The findings appoint the importance of developing a MRB prevention model for female adolescents that emphasizes to promoting the self-efficacy to control MRB and intention to avoid MRB. Nurses should understand the uniqueness of female adolescents and their needs in order to reduce risk opportunities.
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