Cluster Formation and the Policy for Start-Up Firms: A System Dynamics Approach
คำสำคัญ:System dynamics, industrial cluster, cluster formation, startup firms policy
This paper studied the effects of policies that provide benefits for start-up firms of the cluster formation, using a system dynamics approach. The cluster development model consists of the interactions of limited resources, workers, jobs, unemployment, wages and salary, market demand and production capacity to the growth of the cluster. The results indicate that providing benefits to the start-up firms can enlarge the cluster size, and shorten the time to develop the cluster, if these benefits do not cause disadvantages, or cause small disadvantages for mature firms. However, if mature firms suffer significant disadvantages from the benefits provided for start-up firms, the cluster size will be reduced, and the cluster will take a longer time to develop than one without the benefits. If the disadvantages the mature firms have from the benefits for start-up firms are substantial, the cluster will not develop.