Pulmonary Tuberculosis....Serious Disease Closed to You


  • Tamaporn Chaiwcharn Faculty of Science and Technology Bansomdejchaopraya Rajabhat University
  • Nathamon Seubsu Faculty of Science and Technology Bansomdejchaopraya Rajabhat University


tuberculosis, Mycobacterium tuberculosis, causes and contagion


Amid the coronavirus outbreak, plagues are mostly transmitted through the respiratory system. People worldwide are aware, vigilant and protect themselves from the coronavirus. Many people do not think of other infectious diseases in the respiratory tract that are harmful to the respiratory system. And it also harms the body’s systems, not less than the coronavirus, such as infection with tuberculosis. Although tuberculosis has long been a disease, the number of patients with tuberculosis has not decreased. There’s only a growing number. According to World Health Organization estimates, there are about 10 million people in the world, and in 2017, there were about 1.6 million people who died from tuberculosis. It is also estimated that 1 in 4 of the world’s population is infected with latent tuberculosis. People infected with latent tuberculosis are asymptomatic and do not spread the infection to others, but are at risk of developing tuberculosis. People infected with latent tuberculosis among adults with normal immunity become tuberculosis patients. On average, 5–10 percent over the age, most of them suffer from tuberculosis within 2- to 5 years after the first tuberculosis infection (Comstock, Livesay & Woolper, 1974). For example, people living with HIV will suffer from tuberculosis 21 times more than those without HIV infection (World Health Organization, 2018).


Download data is not yet available.


Bureau of Tuberculosis. (2016). Guidelines for prevention and control of tuberculosis transmission. Bangkok: Aksorn Grphic and Design Publishing Limited Partnership. (in Thai)

Bureau of Tuberculosis. (2020). Drug list and drug support for tuberculosis, drug-resistant tuberculosis, and latent tuberculosis. Bangkok: Aksorn Grphic and Design Publishing Limited Partnership. (in Thai)

Bureau of AIDS, Ministry of Public Health. (2017). TB and AIDS Combination Practice Guidelines 2017. Bangkok: Bureau of AIDS, Ministry of Public Health. (in Thai)

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2016). Tuberculosis (TB). Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/tb/topic/basics/signsandsymptoms.htm. (in Thai)

Comstock, G. W., Livesay, V. T., & Woolpert, S. F. (1974). The prognosis of a positive tuberculin reaction in childhood and adolescence. American Journal of Epidemiology, 99(2), 131–138. https://doi.org/10.1093/oxfordjournals.aje.a121593

Department of Medical Services and Division of Tuberculosis. (2018). Clinical Practice Guideline (CPG) of tuberculosis treatment in Thailand. Bangkok: Beyond Enterprise Company Limited. (in Thai)

Division of Tuberculosis. (2018). National Tuberculosis Control Programme Guideline, Thailand, 2018. Bangkok: Aksorn Grphic and Design Pyblishing Limited. (in Thai)

Fox, W., Ellard, G. A., & Mitchison, D. A. (1999). Studies on the treatment of tuberculosis undertaken by the British Medical Research Council Tuberculosis Units, 1946-1986, with relevant subsequent publications. The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease: The Official Journal of The International Union against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, 3(10 Suppl 2), S231–S279. https://bit.ly/3qZ05HF

Houben, R. M., & Dodd, P. J. (2016). The global burden of latent tuberculosis infection: A re-estimation using mathematical modelling. PLoS Medicine, 13(10), e1002152. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1002152

Reechaipichitkul, W. (2019). Update TB management 2019. Retrieved from https://www.researchgate.net/publication/332873103_Update_TB_Management_2019. (in Thai)

Medical Service Department. (2007). Guidelines for tuberculosis operations. Retrieved from https://www.slideshare.net/UtaiSukviwatsirikul/handbook-tb. (in Thai)

World Health Organization (WHO). (2017). The World Health Organization standards for tuberculosis care and management. Retrieved from https://erj.ersjournals.com/content/51/3/1800098.short

World Health Organization (WHO). (2018). Global tuberculosis report. Retrieved from: http://apps.who.int/iris/ bitstream/handle/10665/274453/9789241565646-eng.pdf



How to Cite

Chaiwcharn ฐ. ., & Seubsu ณ. . (2022). Pulmonary Tuberculosis.Serious Disease Closed to You. EAU Heritage Journal Science and Technology, 16(1), 28–36. Retrieved from https://he01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/EAUHJSci/article/view/252602



Academic Articles