The Production of Wood Flooring from Cassava Stem Using Crepe Rubber is a Binder

Authors

  • Pornchai Kuntawong College of Innovation Management, Rajamangala University of Technology Rattanakosin
  • Nichapha Minaboon Faculty of Architecture and Design, Rajamangala University of Technology Rattanakosin
  • Chutchatiput Dachjiramanee College of Innovation Management, Rajamangala University of Technology Rattanakosin
  • Chulalak Paiboonfungfeang Faculty of Architecture and Design, Rajamangala University of Technology Rattanakosin

Keywords:

wood flooring; cassava stem; crepe rubber; mechanical properties

Abstract

This research aims to study the process of producing wood planks from cassava stems without using chemicals in a binder. To study the feasibility of using crepe rubber as a binder in the wood flooring production process and to study the properties of the production of planks from cassava stem by using crepe rubber as a binder. The crepe rubber was 0, 5, 10, and 15 % by weight per cassava powder. Then extruded by hot compression method at 150 C๐ with compression force of 50 kg/cm2 for 10 minutes. Received a rubber tile size 40x40x0.16 cm. Three repetitions of the experiment, statistical differences were analyzed using Analysis of Variance (ANOVA), and mean differences were analyzed using Duncan's New Multiple Range Test. Qualification test according to the Thai Industrial Standard (TIS. 876-2547). The research results were that wood Flooring from cassava stem using crepe rubber is a binder, it can produce plywood pieces from cassava. The ratio was suitable for use with good stiffness properties of 15%, it can be substituted for medium density plywood that can be used as a building material for interior decoration. Can be used to compress the standpoints of infantry and the building was used as an alternative.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Ali, I., Jayaraman, K., & Bhattacharyya, D. (2014). Effects of resin and moisture content on the properties of medium density fibreboards made from kenaf bast fibres. Industrial Crops and Products, 52, 191-198. doi:10.1016/j.indcrop.2013.10.013

Desthalumpoo, T., & Wannaharnon, A. (2020). Appropriate ratio for using water hyacinth fibers for making cement fiberboard. Princess of Naradhiwas University Journal, 12(3), 262–276. (in Thai)

Homkraw, C., Bunchuaytan, W., & Cheewuthipong, W. (2016). Effect of palmyra fruit fiber and tapioca starch contents on properties of non-toxic fiberboard. Ladkrabang Engineering Journal, 33(3), 39-46. (in Thai)

Jangchad, I., Unhachok, T., Sarathamlee, P., & Unchittichai, W. (2002). Study of wood-polymer composite from hyacinth fibers and low-density polyethylene using polyethylene-graft-maliic anhydride for mixed. Annual Forestry Conference 2002 (p. 108). Bangkok: Department of Forestry. (in Thai).

Khempila, J., Namprai, C., & Kaewsai, A. (2019). Production of particleboard from lemongrass Leaves and rice straws. Pathumwan Academic Journal, 9(24), 1–15. (in Thai)

Klinphikul, N. (2014). A study of fiberboard sheets made of sawdust with the use of lac as adhesive (Research report). Bangkok: Rajamangala University of Technology Krungthep. (in Thai)

National Science and Technology Development Agency. (2020). Tapioca industry. Retrieved from http://www.nstda.or.th/industry/industry-casava. (in Thai)

Office of Agricultural Economics. (2019). Agricultural economic conditions in 2019. Retrieved from http://www.oae.go.th/view/1/TH-TH. (in Thai)

Paridah, M. T., Juliana, A. H., El-Shekeil, Y. A., Jawaid, M., & Alothman, O. Y. (2014). Measurement of mechanical and physical properties of particleboard by hybridization of kenaf with rubberwood particles. Measurement, 56, 70-80. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.measurement.2014.06.019.

Pholsuwan, A., Khamput, P., & Phuengphaingarm, B. (2005). Study of the properties of activated high density polyethylene with sawdust, rubber wood. The 10th national Convention on Civil Engineering. May 2-4, 2005 Ambassador City Hotel, Jomtien, Pattaya (pp. 39-43). Chonburi: MAT39-MAT43. (in Thai)

Prungsuk, S., Jarusombat, S., & Veenin, T. (2019). Effect of added boron compounds on physical, mechanical and fire retardant properties in particleboard. Thai Journal of Forestry, 38(1), 156-167. (in Thai)

Sukeetham, S., Jarusombat, S., & Veenin, T. (2019). Particleboard products from bamboo wastes of chopstick factory. Thai Journal of Forestry, 38(2), 192-201. (in Thai)

Thai Industrial Standard.TIS.876-2547. (2004, 5, August). Flat pressed particleboards. Ministry of Industry. Volume 121, Part 63, pp. 1-22. http://research.rid.go.th/vijais/moa/fulltext/TIS876-2547.pdf. (in Thai)

Wattanakitpaiboon, S., & Songthusrisakul, J. (2005). Study on the use of coconut clap fibers as reinforcement. Engineering Today, 3(34), 128-131. (in Thai)

Yotinwattanagumtorn, C. (2004). An investigation in to processability and properties of polypropylene/Wood Sawdust Composite (Master’s thesis). Mongkut's University of Technology Thonburi. Bangkok. (in Thai)

Yingprasert, W., & Suhansa, R. (2020). Properties of plywood produced with rubberwood veneer and Urea-formaldehyde Adhesive Added Borax. Thai Journal of Forestry (TJF), 39(1), 191-202. (in Thai)

Published

2021-12-23

How to Cite

Kuntawong พ., Minaboon ณ. ., Dachjiramanee ช. ., & Paiboonfungfeang จ. . (2021). The Production of Wood Flooring from Cassava Stem Using Crepe Rubber is a Binder. EAU Heritage Journal Science and Technology, 15(3), 211–222. Retrieved from https://he01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/EAUHJSci/article/view/249652

Issue

Section

Research Articles