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The objective of this qualitative research was to study the causes of incidents on the wards of nursing students. Participants have conducted 33 purposive samplings in the hospital where had students experience in causes of incidents, included 22 nursing preceptors of 2 hospitals, 8 nursing educators and 3 nursing students who had experienced operative mistakes. Data were collected by using focus groups and in-depth interviews. Data were analyzed by using content under Benner’s concept (1994). The research results revealed three themes relating to the causes of incidents on the wards of nursing students: wrong experiences, preventable causes, and collaboration to prevent mistakes (1) The wrong experiences were often caused by drug administration, infection, and communication (2) The causes of mistakes while performing the nursing intervention on nursing units were preventable. Those causes were from the lack of nursing students’ readiness including knowledge, physical, skills, and experiences (3) The collaboration to prevent mistakes was the guideline for risk prevention for nursing instructors, nursing preceptors, and nursing students to implement. The guideline for risk prevention included the provision of nursing instructors or nursing preceptors every day to closely supervise nursing students and the preparation of nursing instructors, nursing preceptors, and nursing students for knowledge, practical skills, and the use of new equipment. In addition, the standards involved learning from past mistakes together and introducing appropriate experiences for each level of nursing students.
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