Factors Related to Medication Taking Behaviors in Hypertensive Patients

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Narakorn Jansongkram

Abstract

This cross-sectional survey studied the relationship between personal characteristics factors and medication taking behavior in hypertensive patients and analyzed the influence of people's perception factors such as perception of severity of disease, recognition of benefits and realization of barriers to medication adherence in patients with hypertension. The sample group covered 200 hypertensive patients according to hypertension case registration; receiving service at Salaya Hospital, Nakhon Pathom Province. The researcher used the simple random sampling method to draw lots from the list of patients selected based on the criteria. Data were collected by using questionnaires the concordance index of which were between 0.67–1.00 and Cronbach's alpha coefficient were between 0.78–0.95. Data were analyzed by frequency distribution, percentages, mean, standard deviation, Chi Square statistics and multiple regression analysis statistics. It was found that (1) Factors of age, education level and income significantly related to hypertension medication-taking behavior at .05 (2) Perception of severity of the disease, recognition of benefits and realization of barriers to medication adherence in patients with hypertension had significant effect on the high blood pressure medication-taking behavior at .01 and could predict the influence of co-factors 97.60 percent. Hospital and concerned parties should have plan for organizing patient’s friend group activities for sharing and learning and reinforcing self-management behavior because factors contributing to high blood pressure were not only limited to medication-taking behavior but also other associating factors that would enable the patients to get the treatment and control high blood pressure more effectively.

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บทความวิจัย

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