Health Literacy of Older Adults with Chronic Disease in Muang District, Trang
Keywords:Health Literacy Components, Level of Health Literacy, Older Adults with Chronic Disease
This descriptive research aimed to study health literacy, in each component, and levels of health literacy of older adults with chronic disease. The sample size was 327 older adults with chronic disease. Stratified random sampling was applied. The research instrument consisted demographic questionnaire, and the six components of health literacy. Content validity analysis of the questionnaire was confirmed by the experts, with a CVI of 0.91. KR-20 and Cronbach’s alpha coefficient were employed to test reliability of the questionnaire, yielding values of .75 in the knowledge part, and .84 in the rest parts of the questionnaire, respectively. Data were analyzed using frequency, percentage, mean and standard deviation. The results of this study revealed as follows: (1) the health literacy components in terms of access, cognitive, communication skill, and self-management were at a moderate level (x=6.44, SD=2.94; x=8.95, SD=1.53; x=8.20, SD=2.46 and x=6.87, SD =2.88 respectively). While media literacy, and decision skill were at a low level (x=5.87, SD=2.98 and x=8.29, SD=2.10, respectively) (2) the health literacy of older adults with chronic disease was mainly at a basic level (90.52%), followed by interactive level (9.48%). And there was no sample that was at a critical level. The research findings suggested that health care personnel should promote health literacy for older adults with chronic disease focusing on media literacy, and decision skills in order to increase higher health literacy levels. S (interactive and critical level).
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