Main Article Content
The cultivation of plants in an automatic closed-system greenhouse develops the cultivation for precision agriculture. Growing plants in microclimate-controlled greenhouses to suit the plants growth makes the plants grow with quality and quantity as needed. This article describes energy conservation guidelines in a closed-system greenhouse, which has microclimate controls in the greenhouse using cooling techniques. Electric motors are a key component in a microclimate-controlled system, which is regarded as system with significant electrical machinery with the potential to conserve energy in a closed-system greenhouse. The energy conservation guidelines are as follows: (1) Energy saving with electric motors, (2) Energy saving with electric motor control systems, and (3) Energy management in closed-system greenhouses. The energy conservation helps to reduce energy consumption, reduce electrical costs, reduce energy imports and reduce global warming as well.
Bartok, J. W. Jr. (2005). Greenhouse energy conservation checklist. Retrieved from
Conley’s Manufacturing and Sales. (2019). Evaporative cooling system. Retrieved from
China Green Agriculture Engineering and Technology. n.d. Fan & pad: adjust greenhouse temperature well. Retrieved from
David. (2019). Global smart greenhouse irrigation system market 2019 revenue–netafim, valmont, irritec, John Deere, T-L, rivulis. Retrieved from https://thetechnologymarket.com/global-smart-greenhouse-irrigation-system-market-2019-revenue-netafim-valmont-irritec-john-deere-t-l-rivulis/45602/
ecoHVAC. (2017). Why-choose-evaporative-cooling. Retrieved from https://ecohvac.com.au/products/ why-choose-evaporative-cooling/why-choose-evaporative-cooling/
Energy Management in the Greenhouse. n.d. Course of energy management in agriculture.
Chiang Mai: Maejo University (in thai)
Factomart. (2019). Efficiency and energy saving in motor control systems. Retrieved from
https://mall.factomart.com/guide-to-motor-control/efficiency-and-power-saving/ (in Thai)
Hortitech Greenhouse. (2015). Selecting the right greenhouse frame. Retrieved from
Harjunowibowo, A., Cuce, E., Omer, S. A., & Riffat, S. B. (2016). Recent passive technologies of greenhouse systems: A review. 15 th international conference on sustainable energy technologies–SET 2016, 19 th–22 nd of July 2016 (pp. 1-10). Singapore: National University of Singapore.
Hemming, S. (2010). Energy and climate in Dutch greenhouses. Retrieved from
iEnergyGuru. (2015). Energy conservation of motors. Retrieved from
https://ienergyguru.com/2015/08/การอนุรักษ์พลังงานของม/. (in Thai)
Information Center Office of the Permanent Secretary for Agriculture and Cooperatives. (2019). Reinventing the agricultural sector, pushing “intelligent tomato greenhouse”. Retrieved from https://www.opsmoac.go.th/datacenter-news-preview-411691791322. (in Thai)
Ministry of Agriculture and Coopertives. (2019). Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives Led Organizations in all sectors: Joint drive “intelligent agriculture”. Retrieved from
https://www.moac.go.th/news-preview 411191791414 (in Thai)
Modern Manufacturing. (2017). Costs reduce by conserving electrical energy from motors techniques. Retrieved from https://www.mmthailand.com/ลดต้นทุน-พลังงานไฟฟ้า-motor/ (in Thai)
Qingzhou Rainbow Modern Agriculture Development. (2017). Greenhouse system- shading net, top and side ventilation, cooling pad and fan, heating boiler, circulation fan, LED light, seedling bed, drip irrigation etc. Retrieved from https://bit.ly/35jektN
Santosh, D.T., Tiwari, K.N., Singh, V. K., & Gopala, A. R. (2017). Micro climate control in greenhouse. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences, 6(3), 1730-1742.
Theerawituj, S. (2016). Smart Farm, eco-friendly agriculture. Retrieved from https://library2.parliament.go.th/ebook/content-issue/2559/hi2559-093.pdf. (in Thai)
Namhormchan, T. (2019). Plant factory. EAU Heritage Journal Science and Technology, 13(2), 46-62. (in Thai)
Yushi Group. (2016). Evaporative fan, Evap, cold and heat vent. Retrieved from
https://yushi.co.th/ทำงานเครื่องทำลมเย็น/ (in Thai)