The Crisis Lessons from PM 2.5 Air Pollution

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ธีรพงศ์ บริรักษ์

Abstract

This paper aims to provide the knowledge and the impact resulting from smog and dust pollution, air quality standards and to propose ways to resolve them. The situation of smog and dust population in Thailand has become a crisis in early 2019 as a result from Bangkok’s Air Quality Index becoming one of the top 10 cities in the world with high levels of ultrafine dust particles exceeding safety and health standards. It has been estimated that the initial problems facing the economy happens once a month.  The air pollution causes the economic damage to the nation anywhere from 2,600 million baht to 6,600 million baht or higher. In a worst-case scenario, the health issues and the opportunity costs of spending as well as tourism are negatively affected, too. The problems of particle pollution broadly affect in the North and the East of Thailand. In 2013 The World Health Organization determined that PM2.5 particles in the Group 1, the agent (mixture), are carcinogenic to humans, causing 1 in 8 of the untimely deaths in the world's population. While the study has shown that air pollution in Thailand causes 50,000 premature deaths, the air pollution makes Thailand’s government and related agencies, including the private sector and the academic sector, efforts to tackle air pollution a priority in both the policy and the promotion of public information.

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บทความวิชาการ