Breast Cancer Literacy in Prevention and Breast Self-Examination

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ทิพพารัตน์ แสนคาร
ธนัช กนกเทศ

Abstract

Breast cancer is an illness which ranks as one of the most significant global health issues since it accounts for the increase in both mortality rates and medical treatment costs.  Currently, there are over 1.2 million new breast cancer patients a year throughout the world; and, it is found that 1 out of 8 female patients have been diagnosed with breast cancer. Respectively, this phenomenon, witnessed by public health authorities, corresponds with the domestic situation. According to the Thai National Cancer Institute, it has been established that the annual number of breast cancer cases are following a rising trend. The underlying causes of the problem have not been clearly identified due to the fact that in some instances of breast cancer cannot be cured even when it is detected at an early stage. And, in other instances, a complete recovery can occur even when it has reached an advanced stage. Inevitably, those contingencies interfere over time with the mortality rate. Accordingly, the American Cancer Association recommends that women above the age of 20 should undergo a breast cancer screening once a month. Evidence demonstrates that women who followed this recommendation managed to terminate their cancer treatment within the first stage of the disease, hence approximately 20-40 percent of those cases avoided the development of the metastasis process. Moreover, it has been demonstrated that 88 percent of those women tend to live at least five years longer afterwards. Therefore, familiarity with basics principles linked to breast cancer prevention translates into a diminished level of breast cancer prevalence and mortality.

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บทความวิชาการ