Correlation Between Burden and Preparedness for Caregiving Among Caregivers of Patients Undergoing Hemodialysis in the First Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine, Guangdong Province, the People’s Republic of China

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Lihuan Qiu
Chiraporn Tachaudomdach
Chomphoonut Srirat

บทคัดย่อ

          Background: Patients undergoing hemodialysis experience functional dependency, physical symptoms, and psychological problems. The impacts of hemodialysis create a burden on caregivers who take care of these patients. Preparedness for caregiving is important to reduce burden. Aim: To investigate burden and preparedness for caregiving as well as the relationship between burden and preparedness for caregiving among caregivers of patients undergoing hemodialysis. Methods: Theis descriptive correlational study was performed on 172 caregivers. Questionnaires included demographic surveys of patients undergoing hemodialysis and caregivers, the Zarit Burden Interview, and the Preparedness for Caregiving Scale. The Cronbach’s alpha of the Zarit Burden Interview and the Preparedness for Caregiving Scale were .933 and .906 respectively. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and Spearman’s rank correlation coefficient. Results: The average age of patients undergoing hemodialysis was 64.63 years old (SD=11.47). The average monthly income was 1,725.58 yuan (247.75 dollar) , which was below their monthly out-of-pocket medical expenses of 2,590.41 yuan . (371.97 dollar)  The average age of caregivers was 57.23 years old (SD = 12.94). Most of them had a primary or junior middle school education. The mean total burden score was 38.75 (SD = 6.75). Caregivers felt a moderate level of a burden overall. The overall mean preparedness for caregiving was 2.25 (SD = .59). There was a correlation between burden and preparedness for caregiving (rs = - .283, p = .000). Conclusion and Implications: The more preparedness for caregiving caregivers perceive, the less burden they feel. This study provides baseline information for nurses to promote caregivers’ preparedness for caregiving to help reduce the burden.

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