Development of learning program to prevent bullying behavior in schools

Main Article Content

Wasana Mangkhang
Sriprapai Inchaithep
Rungnapa Sootinan-ophat

Abstract

          The research and development, aimed to 1) investigate bullying behaviors among students in Lampang Province, 2) develop learning program to prevent bullying behavior in schools and 3) evaluate the effectiveness of the program. The research procedure consisted of 3 phases. Phase I: investigate bullying behaviors among students. The sample consisted of 370 primary and lower secondary level students in Lampang Province, by using the multi-stage random sampling method. The research instruments included the Bullying Scale for students. Data were analyzed using means and standard deviations. Phase II: developing learning program to prevent bullying behavior in school and assessing program quality using the Program Quality Assessment Scale. Data were analyzed using means and standard deviations. And phase III: Evaluating effectiveness of program by applying the one group pre-posttest experiment design. The sample consisted of 42 secondary level students. The research instruments included the Bullying Prevention Skills Assessment and the Satisfaction Assessment Form. Data were analyzed using means, standard deviation and paired t-test.


The results of the study were as follows:


1. The verbal and physical bullying behaviors of students were at a low level and the verbal and physical victim were at a moderate level.


2. The learning program to prevent bullying behavior in schools consisted of the learning management manual and the game set consists of 4 games: self-esteem games, respect games, assertiveness games and coping games. The results of the quality of the program found that the overall level was at a high level.


3. The evaluation of effectiveness of the program showed that the average scores on the bullying and victim prevention skills after using the program was significantly higher than before using the program at the .05 level and the satisfaction in using the program was at a high level.

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บทความวิจัย (Research articles)

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