Development of learning program to prevent bullying behavior in schools

Main Article Content

Wasana Mangkhang
Sriprapai Inchaithep
Rungnapa Sootinan-ophat


          The research and development, aimed to 1) investigate bullying behaviors among students in Lampang Province, 2) develop learning program to prevent bullying behavior in schools and 3) evaluate the effectiveness of the program. The research procedure consisted of 3 phases. Phase I: investigate bullying behaviors among students. The sample consisted of 370 primary and lower secondary level students in Lampang Province, by using the multi-stage random sampling method. The research instruments included the Bullying Scale for students. Data were analyzed using means and standard deviations. Phase II: developing learning program to prevent bullying behavior in school and assessing program quality using the Program Quality Assessment Scale. Data were analyzed using means and standard deviations. And phase III: Evaluating effectiveness of program by applying the one group pre-posttest experiment design. The sample consisted of 42 secondary level students. The research instruments included the Bullying Prevention Skills Assessment and the Satisfaction Assessment Form. Data were analyzed using means, standard deviation and paired t-test.

The results of the study were as follows:

1. The verbal and physical bullying behaviors of students were at a low level and the verbal and physical victim were at a moderate level.

2. The learning program to prevent bullying behavior in schools consisted of the learning management manual and the game set consists of 4 games: self-esteem games, respect games, assertiveness games and coping games. The results of the quality of the program found that the overall level was at a high level.

3. The evaluation of effectiveness of the program showed that the average scores on the bullying and victim prevention skills after using the program was significantly higher than before using the program at the .05 level and the satisfaction in using the program was at a high level.


Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

บทความวิจัย (Research articles)


Budi, A. K. , Tinneke, A.T., Helena, C. D. & Erna, E. (2015). Effectiveness assertive training of bullying prevention among adolescents in West Java Indonesia. International Journal of Nursing, 2(1), 128-34.

Chumpalee, S. & Thaweekoon, T. (2019). Bullying among middle school students in a province of Central Thailand. The journal of psychiatric nursing and mental health, 33(3), 128-145. (in Thai).

Kuankaew, W., Phongkhunakorn, N. & Robkob, W. (2021). The development of learning innovation for cyberbullying prevention and cyberbullying victimization among Thai Youth. Journal of Nursing and Health Research, 22(2), 28-40. (in Thai).

Laeheem, K. (2014). Factors related to students’ bullying behaviors in Islamic private schools, Songkhla provinces. Srinakharinwirot Research and Development Journal, 6(12), 14-30. (in Thai).

Malone, T.W. (1981). What Makes Computer Games fun. BYTE, 6(12), 258-277

Miline, A. (2003). Teach yourself counselling. U.S.A.: McGraw-Hill

Myers, C-A., & Cowie, H. (2013). University students’ views on bullying from theperspective of different participant roles. Pastoral Care in Education, 31(3), 251-67

Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR). (2020). Declaration of basic principles of justice for victims of crime and abuse of power. Retrieved (2020, March 8). from

OuMoore, M. & Kirkham, C. (2001). Self-esteem and its relationship to bullying behavior. Aggressive Behavior, 27, 269-83.

Pavakul, K. & Sukanich, P. (2011). A study of bullying behavior and the level of self-esteem in a Bangkok Secondary School. Journal of the Psychiatric Association of Thailand, 56 (1), 35-44. (in Thai).

Ponnopadol, C. (2017). Cyber-bullying among junior high school students. Retrieved (2020, March 22). from (in Thai).

Rotemanunthakrit, N. (2013). Cross-cultural communication behaviors and school-bullying. Master of Communication Arts Department of Communication Arts, Faculty of Communication Arts, Chulalongkorn University. (in Thai).

Sakkarinkul, C. & Watcharasindu, A. (2014). Prevalence of bullying and associated psychosocial factors among lower secondary school students in Muang, Chiangmai. Journal of the Psychiatric Association of Thailand, 59(3), 221-30. (in Thai).

Sootinan-ophat, R., Inchaithep, S. & Mangkhang, W. (2020). The factors analysis of bullying scale for students in secondary school. Journal of Nurses Association of Thailand Northern Office, 26(1), 13-26. (in Thai).

Srisawad, P. (2018). A development of bullying prevention in school model. Silpakorn University (Humanities field Social Studies and Arts), 11(1), 3553-67. (in Thai).

Sutthipittayasak, T. & Robroo, I. (2020). Designing a module of game based learning activities for enhancing conceptual thinking skills of the 6th grade students in the Schools under the Uthaithani Primary Educational Service Area Office 1. SSRU Graduate Studies Journal, 13 (1), 127-143. (in Thai).

Thongtanongsak ,P. (2017). A study of bullying behavior among junior high school students at Nong Khaem School under the Office of Education. Graduate Studies Journal Faculty of Education, Ramkhamhaeng University. Retrieved (2020, March 22). from (in Thai)

World health Organization. (2015). Youth violence: the health sector role in prevention and response. Retrieved (2020, September, 6). from infographic-2015.pdf.