Factors Predicting the Nursing Professional Intention of Nursing Students in Colleges of Nursing under the Ministry of Public Health

Main Article Content

Sarinya Polsingchan
Komwat Rungruang

Abstract

          The purposes of this research aimed to study the intention of nursing profession of nursing students, to study the relationship between selected factors and intention of nursing profession, and to study factors predicting the nursing professional intention of nursing students in Colleges of Nursing Under the Ministry of Public Health according to the Theory of Planned Behavior proposed by Ajzen (1991). The sample group used in the research was 457 nursing students from 1st to 4th year derived from multi-stage random sampling. The research instruments were questionnaires consisting of 5 parts: 1) demographic data 2) attitude towards the nursing profession 3) subjective norm about nursing profession 4) perceived behavioral control of nursing profession and 5) nursing professional intention. The overall reliability of the questionnaires by using Cronbach's alpha coefficients was equal to .95. The data were analyzed using mean, standard deviation and multiple regression analysis.


          The result revealed as follows;


  1. Intention in the nursing profession of nursing students when considering the overall level, nursing students had the intention of practicing in the nursing profession at a moderate level (Mean = 3.31 SD. = .66). When considering each year it was found that the third year nursing students had the intention of practicing in the nursing profession at a high level (Mean = 3.57 SD. = .84) while the fourth year, second year, and first year nursing students had the intention to the nursing profession at a moderate level, respectively (Mean= 3.29 SD. = .53, Mean= 3.19 SD =.50 และ Mean= 3.10 SD =.52).

  2. The relationship between selected factors and intention of nursing profession revealed that the attitude towards nursing profession, subjective norm about nursing profession, and perceived behavioral control of nursing profession had a positive correlation with intention of nursing profession with statistical significance at .01 level with correlation coefficient between .128 and .674.

  3. Factors predicting the nursing professional intention of nursing students by stepwise multiple regression analysis it was found that the perceived behavioral control of nursing profession mostly affecting the intention of nursing profession in the form of standardized score equal to .479, attitude towards nursing profession and subjective norm about nursing profession affecting the intention of nursing profession in the form of standard score equal to .330 and - .170, respectively. Moreover, it can explain the variance of nursing professional intention of nursing students at 52.10 percent with statistical significance at the level of .01 (R2 = .521, p <.01).

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บทความวิจัย (Research articles)

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