Factors associated with Health Supplements Product Using Behaviors Among Elderly People

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Tepthai Chotchai
Saowaluk Seedaket
Artit Chutchaipolrut
Issaree Padphai


         This cross-sectional descriptive research aimed to study health supplement product using behaviors, health literacy and factors associated with health supplement product using behaviors among 202 elderly people. Simple randomization was employed to collect data through questionnaires. Data were then analyzed for descriptive statistics including frequency, percentage, mean, standard deviation, minimum, maximum. Also, a Chi-square test and Fisher’s exact test were used to determine correlation indicating OR and 95% confidence interval.

          The results showed that 12.4% of the participants had health supplement product using behaviors. Most of them had high levels of health literacy in all 6 aspects ( gif.latex?\frac{}{X}= 124.6, SD. = 32.6). The aspects with high levels of health literacy included self-management ( gif.latex?\frac{}{X}= 27.4, SD. = 9.2) and decision making skill ( gif.latex?\frac{}{X}= 25.2, SD. = 7.6). Communication (gif.latex?\frac{}{X} = 16.3, SD. = 5.3), and media literacy ( gif.latex?\frac{}{X}= 18.1, SD. = 8.1) skills were in moderate levels. The health literacy in low levels included cognitive (gif.latex?\frac{}{X}=1.97, SD. = 1.42) and access skills (gif.latex?\frac{}{X}= 21.8, SD. = 7.4). Health literacy was found to be statistically significantly related with health supplements product using behaviors (p< .05). The results of this study suggested that health literacy regarding health supplement products should also be promoted among the elderly. The elderly, therefore would be able to adapt those knowledge into daily life and to reduce the risks and dangers of misleading advertising products


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