The Relationships between Health Literacy, Perceived Self-Efficacy and Preventing Obesity Behavior of School Students, Grad 4-6

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Boonrid Prasitnarapun
Adula Wuttijurepan
Kantawit Jooprempree
Saifon Wannakhao

Abstract

          The descriptive research aimed to examine 1) health literacy concerning obesity prevention 2) obesity prevention behaviors and 3) the correlations between health literacy, perceived self-efficacy and obesity prevention behaviors. The sample of the study was selected by using a simple random sampling method. The samples consisted of 142 students grade 4-6 in Mueang Uttaradit province. A questionnaire was divided into four parts which included general information, health literacy, perceived self-efficacy and obesity prevention behaviors. The descriptive statistic were used for analyzing the general data; percentage, mean, standard deviation, whereas Pearson’s product moment correlation was used for analyzing the relationship between factors affecting obesity and preventing obesity behaviors


          The results revealed that 1) the overall sample exhibited moderate health literacy (  X = 79.76, SD=13.18). When considering each aspect, health literacy, access to health information and service, self-management of health conditions, health practice decision making were at a moderate level, while communication for skill development, and information and media literacy were at a low level 2) the sample showed obesity prevention behaviors at a low level ( X = 64.90, SD = 8.91) 3) there was a positive significant correlation between health literacy and perceived self-efficacy, and obesity prevention behaviors at a .01 level. (r=.223, p=.008, r=.446, p<.01 respectively).

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บทความวิจัย (Research articles)

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