Relationship between Health Literacy, Self Care Behaviors, and Glomerular Filtration Rate Among Patients with Chronic Kidney Disease Stage 3-4

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Ketnarin Bunklai
Nirobol Kanoksuntonrat
Noppawan Phinitkhonjorndech

Abstract

          This correlation research aimed to identify the relationship between health literacy of patients with chronic kidney disease stage 3 – 4 and their self-care behaviors and glomerular infiltration rates.  Theory of Health Literacy was used to guide the development of the conceptual framework of this study.  The samples were 97 patients having chronic kidney disease stage 3 – 4 and seeking medical care at an outpatient department in Nopparatrajathanee Hospital Bangkok. They were purposively selected according to the inclusion criteria set by the researcher. The data were collected from the samples during May – June, 2018, using questionnaires which consisted of three parts, namely, personal information, health literacy assessment, and self-care behaviors of the patients. Descriptive statistics, Pearson’s moment product correlation and Spearman’s Rank correlation with statistical significance level at p<.05, were used to analyse data. Results showed mostly, self-care behaviors of the samples were at moderate level . The majority of the sample had mean score of health literacy at the moderate level. Health literacy domains that  were at moderate level were at moderate level were knowledge and understanding, information accessibility, and communication skills and media literacy.Their literacies on self-care management and decision making were at high level.That the patients had inadequate health literacy in five areas.  These included water intake for patients with chronic kidney diseases stage 4, water intake for patients with chronic kidney diseases stage 3,  searching and selecting sources of information on self-care behaviors,  using herbal medicines and food supplements, and convincing others to adopt healthy practices. Health literacy of the patients was found to have a positive and significant relationship with self-care behaviors, but was negatively related to glomerular filtration rate.  The results can be used to guide the development of health literacy enhancement programs for patients with chronic kidney diseases stage 3 – 4 to practice proper self-care behaviors.  This, consequently, will delay the reduction of glomerular filtration rate and the progress of the disease into the terminal stage.

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บทความวิจัย (Research articles)

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