Current Problems and Care Needs of Older Adults Living in Local Administrative Organization Responsibility Area in the Lower Southern of Thailand

Main Article Content

กิตติพร เนาว์สุวรรณ
มาริสา สุวรรณราช

Abstract

          This qualitative research aims to examine current problems and care needs of older adults living in local administrative organization responsibility area. The study was carried out in the lower southern of Thailand. Semi-structured, and focus group discussions were conducted with participants. The participations were selected based on criteria. The participations were the persons who responsibility for improving quality of life for older adults and older adult leaders. Data were recorded, transcribed, content checked by the researchers, and then coded. Thematic content analysis was used to analyze data.


          A total of 33 key informants participated in focus discussion. The results revealed four principal domains. First, physical, mental, and social problems of older adults were 1) physical problems were chronic illness such as hypertension, diabetes mellitus, knee osteoarthritis, musculoskeletal disease, dementia, heart disease, gout, cancer and also the complications from chronic illness such as cataract and peripheral neuropathy. 2) mental problems were low self-esteem, loneliness, and depression. 3) social problems were poverty, neglect, and financial abuse. Second, current practices of local administrative organization on older adults care were 1) budget allocation for older adult activities, 2) establishing older adult quality of life, and 3) providing health services for older adults. Third, care needs of older adults living in local administrative organization responsibility area were 1) promoting older adult grouping for self-reliance, 2) reviewing older adult welfare allowance, 3) setting policy related to older adults hiring and extending the retirement age, 4) establishing quality of life center for older adults, 5) improving channel of communications for older adults, 6) improving long term care services, and 7) providing transportation to older adults for doctor visits. Last, other suggestions were 1) pre-retirement preparation for work-force age, 2) social organization especially safety issue, and 3) building health park or exercise corner in public park for older adults

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

Section
บทความวิจัย (Research articles)
Author Biography

กิตติพร เนาว์สุวรรณ, Boromarajonani College of Nursing, Songkhla

Thailand Citation Index Centre

References

1) Atipo, S. & Porapakkam, Y. (2003).Policy management Long-term care for the elderly in 5 countries. Journal of Public Health and Development, 1(1), 79-85. (in Thai)

2) Charoenwong, S., Kongkun, P., Chansangrat, N. & Sriwan, P. (2018). Dependent elders in a Southern rural muslim community: current situation of care and for long-term care. The Southern College Network Journal of Nursing and Public Health, 5(2), 231-246. (in Thai)

3) Crabtree, B. F. & Miller, W. L. (1992). Doing qualitative research. London: SAGE Publications.Elderly Medicine Institute, The Ministry of Public Health. (2006). Survey and study the health status of the elderly in four region, Thailand. Bangkok: The Agricultural Cooperative Federation of Thailand. (in Thai)

4) Eliopoulos, C. (2014). Gerontological Nursing. (8th ed). Philadelphi: Wolters Kluwer/ Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
Foundation of Thai gerontology research and development institute. (2012). Annual report The situation of the Thai elderly in 2010. Bangkok: TQP Ltd. (in Thai)

5) Government Gazette. (2010). The Elderly Act (No. 2) 2010. Book 127, Section 56 A, Page 3, dated 15 September 2010. (in Thai)

6) Jitmontri, N. (2011).Elderly: Trends and elder care issues. in The Art and Science of Gerontological Nursing. Tongcharean, V. (Editor). Bangkok: Faculty of Nursing Mahidol University. (in Thai)

7) MauK, L. K. (2014). Gerontological Nursing Competencies for Care. Massachusetts: Courier Companies.
Office of the National Economics and Social Development Board. (2011). National Social and Economic Development Plan No. 11. (2012-2016). Bangkok: Prime Minister's Office;. (in Thai)

8) Pitayaruangsalis, S. Torsangun, J. & Sumalee, H. (2010). Roles of local administrative organizations In health promotion and Policy proposals: decentralization of health promotion. International Health Policy Program Foundation, Ministry of Public Health. (in Thai)

9) Sudsomboon, S. (2014). Social welfare for aging people in Thailand. Journal of Southern Technology, 7(3),73 – 82. (in Thai)

10) Sukhothai Thammathirat Open University. (2016). Elderly society: implications for economic development. Retrieved (2016, June 3) from https://www.stou.ac.th/stouonline/lom/ data/sec/Lom12/05-01.html. (in Thai)

11) Thai Health Promotion Foundation. (2016). Thailand elderly "patients with high blood pressure by 41 percent. Retrieved (2016, October 15). from www.thaihealth.or.th. (in Thai)

12) Tongdee, J., Rongmuang, D. & Nakchatree, C. (2013). Health status and quality of life among the elderly in the Southern border provinces of Thailand. Nursing Journal of the Ministry of Public Health, 22(3), 88-99. (in Thai)

13) United Nation. (2015). World Population Ageing 2013. New York: United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs

Most read articles by the same author(s)