Main Article Content
Naturally, every child needs movement, play, and activities. Children with congenital heart disease also have the same needs. However, parents' perception and understanding of proper physical activity still full of doubts about safety. This effected to parenting overprotection behavior that means limit physical activities and exercise of their child. Nurses who familiar with the child and their parents play important roles to give information for understanding and awareness of safety physical activity among children with congenital heart disease. This article aims to propose guidelines/roles of nurses in promoting physical activity in children with heart disease. It is allowed parents to be confident and can promote physical activity appropriately that benefit for children with congenital heart disease to have a good quality of life and catch up normal growth and development
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
Boromarajonani College of Nursing, Uttaradit Journal attribution-non-commercial 4.0 international (CC BY-NC 4.0). For more detail please visit https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/ . The ideas and opinions expressed in the Boromarajonani College of Nursing, Uttaradit are those of the authors and not necessarily those of the editor .
2) Babu, A. S., Padmakumar, R., Maiya, A. G., Mohapatra, A. K., & Kamath, R. L. (2016). Effects of exercise training on exercise capacity in pulmonary arterial hypertension: a systematic review of clinical trials. Heart, Lung and Circulation, 25(4), 333-341.
3) Bakheet, M. A., Metwalley, K. A., & Abdel-Raheem, A. S. (2013). Evaluation of persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn (PPHN) in Upper Egypt. Egyptian Pediatric Association Gazette, 61(3), 96-99.
4) Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [CDC]. (2015). Congenital heart defects (CHDs), Data & Statistics. Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/heartdefects/data.html
5) Colberg, S. R., Sigal, R. J., Yardley, J. E., Riddell, M. C., Dunstan, D. W., Dempsey, P. C., ... & Tate, D. F. (2016). Physical activity/exercise and diabetes: a position statement of the American Diabetes Association. Diabetes care, 39(11), 2065-2079.
6) Diller, G. P., Dimopoulos, K., Okonko, D., Li, W., Babu-Narayan, S. V., Broberg, C. S., ... & Francis, D. P. (2005). Exercise intolerance in adult congenital heart disease: comparative severity, correlates, and prognostic implication. Circulation, 112(6), 828-835.
7) Gielen, S., Laughlin, M. H., O’Conner, C., & Duncker, D. J. (2015). Exercise training in patients with heart disease: review of beneficial effects and clinical recommendations. Progress in cardiovascular diseases, 57(4), 347-355.
8) Haseba, S., Sakakima, H., Nakao, S., Ohira, M., Yanagi, S., Imoto, Y., ... & Shimodozono, M. (2018). Early postoperative physical therapy for improving short-term gross motor outcome in infants with cyanotic and acyanotic congenital heart disease. Disability and rehabilitation, 40(14), 1694-1701.
9) Kao, C. C., Chang, P. C., Chiu, C. W., Wu, L. P., & Tsai, J. C. (2009). Physical activity levels of school-age children with congenital heart disease in Taiwan. Applied Nursing Research, 22(3), 191-197.
10) Laohaprasittiporn, D., Jiarakamolchuen, T., Chanthong, P., Durongpisitkul, K., Soongswang, J., & Nana, A. (2005). Heart murmur in the first week of life: Siriraj Hospital. Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand, 88(8), 163-168.
11) Longmuir, P. E., & McCrindle, B. W. (2009). Physical activity restrictions for children after the Fontan operation: disagreement between parent, cardiologist, and medical record reports. American Heart Journal, 157(5), 853-859. Doi 10.1016/j.ahj.2009.02.014
12) McCrindle, B. W., Williams, R. V., Mital, S., Clark, B. J., Russell, J. L., Klein, G., & Eisenmann, J. C. (2007). Physical activity levels in children and adolescents are reduced after the Fontan procedure, independent of exercise capacity, and are associated with lower perceived general health. Archives of disease in childhood, 92(6), 509-514.
13) Naumoska, L., Dojcinovski, I., Ristovska, F., Saiti, S., T Paunovska, S., & Mitrev, Z. (2012). Qualitative and quantitative Analysis of the Parenting Styles, Coping Strategies and Perceived Stress in Mothers of Children who have undergone Cardiac Interventions. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 84, 1809-1814. doi: 10.1016/j.sbspro.2013.07.039
14) Pongpanich B, editor. Problems of Children with Heart Disease in Developing Countries, How Much Can One Do? The First Asia- Pacific Congress of Pediatric Cardiology and Cardiac Surgery; 2006; Bangkok Convention Center (BCC) Sofitel Central Plaza, Bangkok, Thailand.
15) Steeds, R. P., & Oakley, D. (2004). Predicting late sudden death from ventricular arrhythmia in adults following surgical repair of tetralogy of Fallot. Qjm, 97(1), 7-13.
16) Strong, W. B., Malina, R. M., Blimkie, C. J., Daniels, S. R., Dishman, R. K., Gutin, B., ... & Rowland, T. (2005). Evidence based physical activity for school-age youth. The Journal of pediatrics, 146(6), 732-737.
17) Takken, T., Giardini, A., Reybrouck, T., Gewillig, M., Hövels-Gürich, H. H., Longmuir, P. E., ... & Hager, A. (2012). Recommendations for physical activity, recreation sport, and exercise training in paediatric patients with congenital heart disease: a report from the Exercise, Basic & Translational Research Section of the European Association of Cardiovascular Prevention and Rehabilitation, the European Congenital Heart and Lung Exercise Group, and the Association for European Padiatric Cardiology. European journal of preventive cardiology, 19(5), 1034-1065.
18) Trojnarska, O., Gwizdała, A., Katarzynski, S., Katarzynska, A., Szyszka, A., Lanocha, M., ... & Kramer, L. (2009). Evaluation of exercise capacity with cardiopulmonary exercise test and B-type natriuretic peptide in adults with congenital heart disease. Cardiology journal, 16(2), 133-141.
19) World Health Organization. (2009). Interventions on diet and physical activity: what works: summary report.