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This predicting correlational study aims at examining factors predicting stress on family caregivers of stroke survivors based on the Ecological System Theory. The study utilized a stratified random sampling and recruited 99 family caregivers of stroke patients following the inclusion criteria. Data were collected using questionnaires, including the demographic data questionnaire of family caregivers and stroke patients, self-efficacy questionnaire, Barthel Index of Daily Live Activities, questionnaire of relationships among patients, family caregivers and family, social support questionnaire, caregiver stress questionnaire and illness beliefs questionnaire. All data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and multiple linear regression.
The result showed that duration of care was significantly positively correlated with stress of family caregivers (r= .30, p<.05); self-efficacy, relationships among patients, family caregivers and families, and illness beliefs were significantly negatively correlated with stress of family caregiver (r=-.48, p<.01; r= -.374, p<.01; r = -.25, p<.05, respectively). Care duration and self-efficacy could significantly predict stress of family caregivers (p < .05), equally 27.4 percent (R2adj = .26, F = 5.35) using the prediction formula for standardized regression equation: Zstress of family caregivers = -.44self-efficacy +.21care duration. Findings suggest that an enhancement self-efficacy program be provided for family caregivers at home resulting in decreased stress for caring stroke survivors
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