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The aim of this article is to present a concept of multimodal pain management. Pain causes discomfort and suffering that requires the proper steps to be monitored and treated However, in traditional Thai culture, it was believed that post-operative pain was an inevitable symptom which everyone had to be patient and wait until the pain subsided. Nowadays, the concept of pain management has been changed. Pain is a very important symptom that should be concerned and properly managed to promote a patient’s quality of life, prevent complications, and reduce the length of stay in the hospital. In a multimodal pain managing approach, multiple drug use, integrated with other non-pharmacology treatments, is one of the most preferable protocols for effectively managing pain and reducing unpleasant side effects. A goal setting for postoperative pain, a non-pharmacological approach would be a patient managing their expectations for the pain through setting individual goals for the pain management process. This means that the patient can effectively pre-determine their mental state to self-manage their post-operative pain levels. This activity shows nursing autonomy to provide the best care for the patients since each patient is unique in his or her own perception of pain, as well as different in dealing with pain. Therefore, individual goal setting will direct how the patient will be responsible for preferable and acceptable pain management toward the ultimate outcome.
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Boromarajonani College of Nursing, Uttaradit Journal attribution-non-commercial 4.0 international (CC BY-NC 4.0). For more detail please visit https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/ . The ideas and opinions expressed in the Boromarajonani College of Nursing, Uttaradit are those of the authors and not necessarily those of the editor .
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