The Effect of Coaching Program on Basic Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Education for Elementary School Students, Nitiwit School, Nan Province

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สุกัญญา วรรณศรี
สืบตระกูล ตันตลานุกุล
กิตติพร เนาว์สุวรรณ

Abstract

          The purpose of this quasi-experimental research was to test the effect of the coaching program on basic cardiopulmonary resuscitation performance for the elementary school students. The sample consisted of 40 Grade 5th and 6th students from Nitiwit School in Nan Province. The students were assigned into experimental and control groups (20 each) using match paired technique based on their age, academic level, and previous experiences with basic cardiopulmonary resuscitation. The controlled group received regular lecture instructions, while the experimental group received a coaching program for basic cardiopulmonary resuscitation. The coaching program was adapted from Gracy (2001). The checklist was developed to assess basic cardiopulmonary resuscitation performance based on the American Heart Association (2017) version. The content validity of the instruments was approved by three experts with the Cronbach’s reliability coefficient alpha value of .93. Descriptive statistics, paired t-test, and independent t-test were used for data analysis.


          The results are as follows;


1) After completing the coaching program, the experimental group had significantly higher scores on basic cardiopulmonary resuscitation performance than before participating in the program (p < .05).


2) The experimental group had significantly higher scores on basic cardiopulmonary resuscitation performance than the control group (p < .05).


          The results suggested that the coaching program is more effective than the regular lecture method in improving fifth and sixth graders’ performance in basic cardiopulmonary resuscitation. This method of educational intervention may be applied when considering other similar health education interventions.

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บทความวิจัย (Research articles)

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