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This action research aimed to develop a process for capacity building of public health volunteers in screening for depression in Sa-roy Sub-district, Wangchin Sub-district, Phare Province.The participants included 71 public health volunteers (PHV). We collected qualitative data in relation to the community’s contexts, background history, and community structure through geographical and geo-logical foot maps as well as family folders. We assessed PHV’s knowledge of depression, persuasive performance, and depression screening skill. Descriptive statistics and t-test were used for data analysis, whereas qualitative data was analysed by content analysis.
The preliminary findings showed that Sa-roy Sub-district at Wangchin District is considered a rural community. In 2017, the community achieved 50% of the depression screening required. Most of the volunteers had moderate level of knowledge about depressive disorder. They had a low level of persuasive performance skills. The community failed to pass a single item on the evaluation criteria for depression screening.
The process involved in capacity building of health volunteers for depression screening consisted of 4 stages including action plan, operation, observation, and operational reflection.
Following the capacity building, the health volunteers demonstrated significantly higher scores of knowledge about depression, persuasive performance skills, and depression screening skills than before (p < .05).
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