Main Article Content
This quasi-experimental research with a two-group and pretest-posttest design was to compare knowledge and practice of kindergarten teachers in relation to health assessment of preschoolers for the prevention and control of communicable diseases. The sample of the study was 36 kindergarten teachers who worked at two selected kindergartens in San Sai district, Chiang Mai province. The experimental group (18) was taught health assessment using Kolb’s experiential learning method, whereas the control group was taught through lecture method. The researchers developed a test and checklist to assess knowledge and skills of the kindergarten teachers in relation to health assessment of the preschoolers for the prevention and control of communicable diseases. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and t-test.
The results revealed that at the end of the educational interventions, knowledge and skills on health assessment of the experimental group were significantly higher than the control group (p < .001). Knowledge and skills of the experimental group after the experiential learning session were significantly higher and better than before (p < .001). The results indicated that Kolb’s experiential learning method helped improve knowledge and skills of kindergarten teachers in assessing the health of preschoolers for the prevention and control of communicable diseases. Kolb’s experiential learning method may be considered as an alternative effective learning method in other areas of kindergarten teacher development.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
Boromarajonani College of Nursing, Uttaradit Journal attribution-non-commercial 4.0 international (CC BY-NC 4.0). For more detail please visit https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/ . The ideas and opinions expressed in the Boromarajonani College of Nursing, Uttaradit are those of the authors and not necessarily those of the editor .
2 Department of Disease Control. (2016). Guidelines for disease prevention and control in childcare center and kindergarten (for childcare teacher). Bangkok: Born to be Publishing Co. Ltd. (in Thai).
3 Issarasongkhram, M., Boonprakong, T., & Chunkao, K. (2015). Knowledge and practices in control and prevention of communicable diseases of childcare volunteers in early childhood development centers, Bangkok. Journal of Boromarajonani College of Nursing, Bangkok, 31 (2), 80 - 91. (in Thai).
4 Khammanee, T. (2014). Teaching strategies to the efficient learning process. Bangkok: Chulalongkorn University. Printing House (in Thai).
5 Kolb, D. A. (2014). Experiential learning: Experience as the source of learning and development (2 nd edition). NJ: Pearson Edu.
6 Kongyu, S., Hinjoy, S., Smithsuwan, P., Lertsuphotvanit, S., & Sukkasem, P. (2016). A survey of knowledge, attitudes, and practices on the prevention and control of hand foot and mouth disease among teachers and child care providers in child care centers, Thailand. Disease Control Journal, 42 (2), 94 - 107. (in Thai).
7 Kummak, S. (2016). Self-care behaviors among hypertension patients in tambon Nanglao Health Promoting Hospital, Amphur Satingpha, Songkhla Province. The Sounthern College Network Journal of Nursing and Public Health,3 (3), 153 - 169.
8 Meethip, N., Tumdee, D., & Bhuddhirakkul, P. (2016). Effects of experiential learning on knowledge and screening practice and advice for hypertension among village health volunteers. Nursing Journal, 43 Supplement December 2016, 104-115. (in Thai).
9 Ministry of Social Development and Human security. (2012). National Standard Childcare Center: Standard Operating Procedures. Bangkok: The Agricultural Cooperative Federation of Thailand Limited. (in Thai).
10. Polit, D. F., & Beck, C. T. (2016). Nursing research generating and assessing evidence for nursing practice. Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer.
11 Ruangrong, P. Jaritngam, D., Leaudnakrob, N., Promthep, S., Chaobangngam, S., Boonsem, R., Akevilai, S. & Homkajorn, N. (2016). The training model to create online evaluation using google site with collaborative learning. Boromarajonani College of Nursing, Uttaradit Journal, 8 (2). 86-95. (in Thai).
12 Srijaiwong, S., Banchredpongchai, P., Saetang, O., Visidgoson, J. & Deeprom, D. (2013). The effectiveness of educational program on knowledge about breast cancer disease and breast self - examination skills in women community health volunteer. Boromarajonnani College of Nursing, Uttaradit Journal, 5 (2), 27-42. (in Thai).
13 Srikhumkruan, P. (2013). Effects of capacity building for breast self-examination of female health volunteers in Surin’s communities. Journal of Public Health Nursing, 27 (3), 71- 82. (in Thai)
14 Thato, R. (2018). Nursing research: concepts to application (Third edition ). Bangkok: Chulalongkorn University Printing House. (in Thai).