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The purposes of this study were to describe self-management behaviors and its related factors including COPD knowledge, anxiety and social support of elderly patients with COPD. Simple random sampling was used to recruit the sample of 100 elderly patients with COPD at Viet-Tiep Friendship Hospital and Kien An General Hospital in Hai Phong, Vietnam. Five questionnaires were used to collect data during June to July 2015. Data were analyzed by using descriptive statistic, Pearson Product Moment Correlation Coefficient. The mean score of COPD self-management was at a moderate level (M = 2.72, SD = .42). The highest score was daily life management (M = 2.94, SD = .57) followed by self-efficacy (M = 2.85, SD = .65), symptom management (M = 2.78, SD = .58), emotion management (M = 2.49, SD = .65), and information management (M = 2.28, SD = .71) respectively. There were positive relationship between COPD self-management and COPD knowledge (r = .45, p < .01), as well as social support (r = .50, p < .01). However, no statistically significant relationship was found between anxiety and COPD self-management (r = 0.08, p > .05). Finally, the findings of this study suggest that nursing intervention program in regarding of COPD knowledge and social support should be recommended for improving self-management behaviors of elderly patients with COPD.
บทความที่ได้รับการตีพิมพ์ เป็นลิขสิทธิ์ของวารสารวิจัยสุขภาพและการพยาบาล (วิทยาลัยพยาบาลบรมราชชนนี กรุงเทพ) ไม่สามารถนำไปตีพิมพ์ซ้ำในวารสารฉบับอื่น