Main Article Content
Introduction: HIV infection and related illnesses from AIDS among adolescent boys have simultaneously been significant health issues for both Thailand and global community. To prevent such issues, family functions are one of the contributing factors. Research objective: This research aimed to investigate family functions to prevent AIDS in adolescent boys at Takloa village, Benjalak sub-district, Srisaket province. Research methodology: This study employed a descriptive design. A simple random sampling technique was used to recruit 135 families with adolescent boys aged 10-19 years (135 parents and 135 adolescent boys). A research tool consisted of two questionnaires on family functions for AIDS prevention of adolescent boys as perceived by parents or guardians, and adolescent boys. The questionnaires were validated using 5 experts. The content validity indexes were 0.87, and 0.85, respectively. After a try-out, the Cronbach’s alpha coefficient values were 0.79, and 0.92, respectively. Descriptive statistics was used to analyze quantitative data. Content analysis was conducted to analyze qualitative data from open-ended questions of the questionnaires. Results: Findings indicated that overall, the perception score among parents or guardians towards family functions to prevent AIDS in adolescent boys was at a good level (mean= 3.01, SD = 0.87), accounting for 75.2%. Family function in daily living practiced by parents or guardians were mostly giving money for expenses of adolescents (76.1%). The function of behavior monitoring was the least practiced (13.3%). The overall perception among adolescent boys towards family functions to prevent AIDS was at moderate level (mean = 2.99, SD = 0.89), accounting for 74.8%. They perceived that the most practice by their parents or guardians was giving daily expenses (65.93%). The least practice was monitoring of the risk behaviors and socialization on AIDS prevention (21.95%). In addition, findings revealed that 36.3% of the parents or guardians perceived risk behaviors of adolescent boys, while 60.7% of the adolescent boys perceived their own risk behaviors. Conclusions: The findings reflect that family functions to prevent AIDS in adolescent boys in term of AIDS socialization and monitoring risk behavior were at low level. Implication: Family functions on behavior monitoring, warning about various risks and training for AIDS prevention was least practiced. Hence, there should seek for various methods to develop innovations or programs to increase awareness and build capacity of family to function effectively and seriously.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Article published Is the copyright of the Journal of Health and Nursing Research (Boromarajonani College of Nursing, Bangkok) Cannot be republished in other journals