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Introduction: Nursing services often involve substantial work. Furthermore, nurses work in unsafe environments and under working conditions that may cause illness and injury related to their work. Research objectives: This study aimed to investigate factors influencing work safety behaviors of professional nurses. Research methodology: A multi-stage random sampling technique was used to recruit 287 samples from a pool of professional nurses at community hospitals in Chon Buri province, Thailand. Data was collected using a set of questionnaires including personal data, attitude towards safety behavior, working conditions, supportive environment for work safety behaviors, organization policy, personal protective equipment support, and social support for work safety behaviors. Descriptive statistics and multiple regression analysis were employed for data analysis. Results: The work safety behavior score of professional nurses at community hospitals in Chon Buri province, Thailand was at a high level (mean= 4.45, SD. = 0.45). The significant predictors of work safety behaviors (BEH) among professional nurses were attitude of safety behavior (ATTI) (β = .652, p < .001), social support (SUSO) (β = 0.286, p< .001), supportive environment of safety behavior (ENVI) (β= 0.186, p< .001) and age (AGE) (β= 0.054, p < .001) The multiple regression analyses revealed that all the aforementioned variables together explained 40.0% (R2 = 0.40, p< .01) of the variance in work safety behaviors. Conclusions: BEH = 7.88 + 0. 652 (ATTI) + 0.286 (SUSO) + 0.186 (ENVI) + 0.054 (AGE) Implications: This study could be used to promote positive attitudes towards safety behavior, social support, and supportive environment of safety behavior.
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