The Effects of Brain Potential Program on the Cognitive function of the Older Person with Mild Cognitive Impairment
Keywords:cognitive function, mild cognitive impairment, brain potential program
Introduction: Organizing activities to prevent dementia plays an important role of nurses in health promotion for older person with mild cognitive impairment. Research objectives: The study aimed to investigate the effects of brain potential program on the cognitive function of the older person with mild cognitive impairment. Research methodology: The study used quasi-experimental research with a two-group pretest-posttest and follow-up design. Participants were selected using a purposive sampling technique according to inclusion criteria with similar features, and then randomly assigned to two group of 25 each. Namely experimental and control. The experimental group received a brain potential program guided by cognitive stimulation of Spector et al. (2003). The program consist of activities to stimulate attention, categories, verbal fluency visual memory, auditory memory, visuoconstructional and executive function. The research instrument was comprised of a questionnaire on demographic data and Mini-Mental State Examination Thai version 2002 (MMSE-Thai 2002). Item Objective Congruence (IOC) index was 0.76 and a confidence coefficient was 0.81. Data were collected using general information sheet and cognitive function. Data were analyzed using independent t-tests. and compared the cognitive function of older person by using repeated measures ANOVA then pairwise comparison with Bonferroni method were employed. Level of significance was set at p< .05. Results: The results showed that the mean score of cognitive status in the experimental group was better than the control group statistically significant at the .05 level (F1,48 = 58.62, p = < .001). The mean score of cognitive status in the experimental group was improved in post-test and get better in 3 months follow-up session statistically significant at the .05 level. Conclusions: The results showed that brain potential program can be improved cognitive function in older person with mild cognitive impairment and help prevent and reduce the risk of dementia. Implications for practice: The brain potential program should be applied to suit the Seniors club, school of older to strengthen the capacity to prevent dementia in community
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