Effects of a Hypertension Prevention Program on Hypertension Preventive Behaviors of Risk Group of Rubber-tapping Career in Nam Khun District, Ubon Ratchathani Province

Authors

  • Sorawich Laodarun Sukhothai Thammathirat Open University
  • Sutteeporn Moolsart Sukhothai Thammathirat Open University
  • Wonpen Kaewpan Mahidol University

Keywords:

Risk group, Hypertension Preventive behaviors, Rubber-tapping career

Abstract

Introduction: Hypertension is a chronic non-communicable disease which is a significant public health problem. Number of patients is increasing and leading to cause of death worldwide, especially among people with inappropriate health behaviors. Research objectives: The study aimed to examine the effects of a hypertension prevention program on hypertension preventive behaviors and mean arterial pressure of the risk group of people who worked as rubber-tapping. Research methodology: This quasi-experimental study used a two-group pretest-posttest design. Sample was a risk group of hypertension who had the systolic blood pressure of 130-139 mmHg and diastolic blood pressure of 80-89 mmHg. Simple random sampling method was used to recruit the participants, and 34 participants were assigned to the intervention group and 20 to the control group. The intervention was a hypertension prevention program for a risk group of rubber-tapping career. It A theory of planned behavior was used to guide the program. A duration of the program was nine weeks. Activities of workshops and home visits consisted of: (1) changing disease preventive attitude, subject norm, and enhancing behavior control perception; (2) a hypertension prevention handbook; (3) a questionnaire of hypertension preventive behaviors; and (4) a digital blood pressure monitor. A content validity index of the hypertension preventive behavior questionnaire was .97. A Cronbach’s alpha coefficient was .88. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, and t-test. Results: Among the participants in the intervention group, mean of hypertension preventive behaviors was found to be significantly improved between baseline and follow-up (p<.05). And at follow-up, mean of hypertension preventive behaviors in the intervention group was higher than the control group (p<.05). Also, at follow-up, mean arterial pressure of the intervention group was significantly lower than at baseline. Mean arterial pressure of the intervention group was significantly lower than the control group (p<.05). Conclusions: The hypertension prevention program shows significantly affected hypertension preventive behaviors, and mean arterial pressure of risk group of rubber-tapping career. Implications for practice: Public health organizations could apply the hypertension prevention program for high-risk groups of rubber tapping to individuals having a similar working lifestyle.

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References

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Published

2021-11-30

How to Cite

1.
Laodarun S, Moolsart S, Kaewpan W. Effects of a Hypertension Prevention Program on Hypertension Preventive Behaviors of Risk Group of Rubber-tapping Career in Nam Khun District, Ubon Ratchathani Province. JHNR [Internet]. 2021 Nov. 30 [cited 2022 Dec. 4];37(3):205-17. Available from: https://he01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/bcnbangkok/article/view/249338

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Section

Research articles