Predictive Factors of Resilience among Elderly with Non-Communicable Disease in Bang Phun 2 of Tambon Health Promoting Hospital, Muang Pathum Thani District, Pathum Thani Province
Keywords:predictive factors, resilience, elderly, non-communicable diseases
Introduction: Physiological and psychological difficulties are common among the elderly with non-communicable diseases (NCDs). If they are helped to develop resilience, their ability to adjust themselves to the disease and stressful environment will improve. Resilience-related factors are obviously crucial for elderly with NCDs.
Research objectives: This study aimed to determine predictive factors of resilience among elderly with NCDs.
Research methodology: This study used a predictive correlational design. Sample consisted of 150 elders living with NCDs at the Bang Phun 2 of Tambon health promoting hospital, Pathum Thani province. A simple random sampling technique was used to recruit participants. Research instruments included a demographic questionnaire, perceived health status, social support, activities of daily living (ADL), coping scale, morale, and resilience. Cronbach’s alpha values were .83, .98, .93, .98, .91, and .98, respectively. Descriptive statistics, and stepwise multiple regression analysis were used to analyze data.
Results: Results indicated that mean resilience score was at a high level (M= 160.73, SD= 18.17). ADL, morale, social support, perceived health status, and adequacy of income together explained 73.3% of the variance in resilience (R2= .733, p<.01).
Conclusions: The results showed the improvement of ADL, perceived health status, and social support. And all of them contributed to resilience building in elderly with NCDs.
Implications: Nurses and other healthcare providers should utilize these findings to develop an intervention or a program to promote resilience among elderly with NCDs.
Foundation of Thai Gerontology Research and Development institute (TGRI). Situation of the thai elderly 2018. Nakhon Pathom: Printery; 2019. (in Thai)
Lu FP, Lin KP, Kuo HK. Diabetes and the risk of multi-system aging phenotypes: A systemic review and meta-analysis. PLoS One 2009;4(1):1-12.
Trivedi RB, Bosworth HB, Jackson GL. Resilience in chronic illness. In: Barbara R, Lisa PG, Karen AR, editors. Resilience in aging. New York: Springer; 2011. p. 181-97.
Yoowattana J, Toonsiri C, Homsin P. Factors predicting self-care among elderly with chronic disease in Chaibadan district, Lopburi province. JFONUBUU 2017;25(2):69-81. (In Thai)
Wagnild GM, Young HM. Development and psychometric evaluation of the resilience scale. JNM 1993;1(2):165-78.
Grotberg EH. Resilience for today: Gaining strength from adversity. Westport: Praeger; 2003.
MacLeod S, Musich S, Hawkins K, Alsgaard K, Wicker ER. The impact of resilience among older adults. Geriatr Nurs 2016;37(4):266-72.
Parayat C, Kangchai W, Somanusorn S. Predictive factors of resilience among elderly. JFONUBUU 2016;24(2):97-106. (in Thai)
Chunsorn N, Kangchai W, Rattanajarana S. Predictive factors of resilience among elderly with diabetes. Journal of Nursing and Health Sciences 2018;12(2):12-24. (in Thai)
Jermthaisong S, Dallas JC, Hengudomsub P. Predictive factors on resilience among older adults with depression Bang Nam Priao district, Chachoengsao province. VNJ 2019;21(2):51-66. (in Thai)
Limwatthanathawonkun I, Jullamate P, Piphatvanitcha N. Factors related to resilience among elderly cancer patients receiving chemotherapy. JNSU 2019;20(38):24-36. (in Thai)
Sornkla K, Kangchai W, Rattanayarana S. Predictive factors of resilience among elderly living in home for the aged. JHNR 2019;35(2):163-73. (in Thai)
Chayakul K, Ponkratok P. Factors related to resilience quotient among elderly with chronic disease in rural area of Nakhon Ratchasima province. SCNJ 2020;7(2):127-37. (in Thai)
Stewart DE, Yuen T. A systematic review of resilience in the physically ill. Psychosomatics 2011;52(3):199-209.
Sanitlou N, Saspet W, Napaarak Y. Sample size calculate using G*Power program. J of Suvarnabhumi Tech 2019;5(1): 496-507. (in Thai)
Teerajetgoon S. The relationship between concept of health, perceived health status and health promotion behaviors of elderly people in rural areas at Trakanphutphon district, Ubon Ratchathani province [master’s thesis]. Khon Kaen: Khon Kaen University; 1996. (in Thai).
Speake DL, Cowart ME, Pellet K. Health perceptions and lifestyles of the elderly. RINAH 1989;12(2):93-100.
Wangnum K. Factors related to self care ability in older adult cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy treatment [master’s thesis]. Bangkok: Chulalongkorn University; 2007. (in Thai).
House JS. Work stress and social support. New Jersey: Prentice Hall; 1981.
Mahoney FI, Barthel DW. Functional evaluation: The Barthel Index. Maryland State Med J 1965;14:61-5.
Mingkwan P. Stress and coping in the elderly stroke patients [master’s thesis]. Chang Mai: Chang Mai University; 1999. (in Thai).
Jalowiec A. Confirmatory factor analysis of the Jalowiec coping scale. In: Waltz CF, Strickland OL, editors. Measurements of nursing outcomes: Measuring client outcomes. New York: Springer; 1988.
Chaithong N. Care and life satisfaction of elderly in Khien Sa district, Surat Thani province [master’s thesis]. Khon Kaen: Khon Kaen University; 1999. (in Thai).
Lawton MP. The Philadelphia geriatric center morale: A revision. J Gerontol Nurs 1975;30(1):85-9.
Choowattanapakorn T, Alex L, Lundman B, Norberg A, Nygren B. Resilience among women and men aged 60 years and over in Sweden and in Thailand. Nursing and Health Sciences 2010;12(3):329-35.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Health and Nursing Research (Journal of Boromarajonani College of Nursing, Bangkok)
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Article published Is the copyright of the Journal of Health and Nursing Research (Boromarajonani College of Nursing, Bangkok) Cannot be republished in other journals