Community Participation for Enhancing Well-being of Homebound Elderly in Nongpakrang Municipality, Muang district, Chiang Mai province

Authors

  • Chayaphon Siriniyomchai McCormick Faculty of Nursing, Payap University , Chiang Mai Province, Thailand
  • Pimpaka Panyoyai McCormick Faculty of Nursing, Payap University , Chiang Mai Province, Thailand

Keywords:

community participation, well-being enhancement, homebound elderly

Abstract

Introduction: Homebound elderly are those who have problems in their daily lives and well-being. They are supposed to be taken care of through communities’ participation in enhancing their well-being for the sake of their self-esteem and dignified lives Research objectives: The objectives of this research and development were 1) to study the well-being of homebound elderly and community participation for enhancing their well-being, 2) to develop a model of community participation to enhance their well-being, and 3) to evaluate results of using the developed model of community participation to enhance their well-being. Research methodology: Sample groups were classified based on two research phases. The first phase aimed to investigate homebound elderly’s well-being and community participation for enhancing their well-being in Nong Pa Khrang Municipality. This sample group contained 181 homebound elderly responding to a questionnaire regarding their well-being. 21 of them were selected through a purposive sampling method. This included seven homebound elderly, seven caretakers, and seven community network representatives participating in focused-group and in-depth interviews. The second phase consisted of two steps which were Step 1: Development of a community participation model to enhance homebound elderly’s well-being and Step 2: Evaluation of using the model. 47 of them were selected through a purposive sampling method as a sample group containing 21 homebound elderly, 15 caretakers, and 11 community network representatives. The data were collected by a focus group, in-depth interview, and interview questions regarding factors influencing community participation. The quantitative data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and content analysis. Results: The research findings showed that (1) there were problems among homebound elderly in Nong Pa Khrang Municipality. Their physical, mental, social, and intellectual well-being needed to be taken care of. The community participation was not consistent. (2) The model enhancing homebound elderly’s well-being consisted of (a) activities enhancing health, (b) recreational activities, and (c) activities regarding local wisdom continuation. (3) Homebound elderly and caretakers regarded that this activity model could respond to the physical, mental, social, and intellectual well-being. Community network representatives also regarded that the activities were appropriate and ready for operating based on the developed model. Success factors were the strong operation of the community network so that the model of enhancing homebound elderly’s well-being was developed efficiently and sustainably. Conclusions: Homebound elderly possessed a physical, mental, and social health status, including their abilities in spending their daily lives, which was specifically problematic. They also experienced problems in attending community activities. Therefore, developing appropriate activity models via communities’ participation could enhance the homebound elderly’s well-being continually and sustainably Implications: They could be utilized as guidelines for local organizations and health teams to offer participatory communities’ activities enhancing the homebound elderly’s well-being. These could be expanded to be used with other elderly groups.

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References

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Published

2021-04-09

How to Cite

1.
Siriniyomchai ช, Panyoyai พ. Community Participation for Enhancing Well-being of Homebound Elderly in Nongpakrang Municipality, Muang district, Chiang Mai province. JHNR [Internet]. 2021 Apr. 9 [cited 2022 Jun. 26];37(1):65-76. Available from: https://he01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/bcnbangkok/article/view/248839

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Section

Research articles