The Effects of Group Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Program combined with Meditation on Stress among the Third Year Nursing Students Studying in Mental Health Promotion and Psychiatric Nursing Subject (Course) at Faculty of Nursing, Suan Dusit University
Keywords:stress, cognitive behavioral therapy, meditation technique SKT I
Introduction: The optimal strategies of stress management among nursing students will improve their mental health as well as enhance adaptive skills to promote happiness related to learning and living.
Research objectives: To examine the effects of Group Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Program combined with Meditation on stress among the third year nursing students studying in Mental Health Promotion and Psychiatric nursing subject (course) at Faculty of Nursing, Suan Dusit University.
Research methodology: This study employed a one-group pretest–posttest quasi-experimental design. Sample was the third-year nursing students, Faculty of Nursing, Suan Dusit University on second-Semester of Academic Year 2019. A simple random sampling method was used to recruit 42 nursing students who enrolled in Mental Health Promotion and Psychiatric nursing subject (course) into the study. Two experimental tools were used as the following. The first was a group therapy program based on the concepts of cognitive behavioral modification and meditation therapy. This consisted of 6 treatment sessions. The second was Stress Assessment Form of Suan-Prung Hospital (SPST-20). Data were collected over 20 weeks. Personal data were analyzed using descriptive statistics. In the experimental group, differences in stress scores at baseline and follow-up were analyzed using paired sample t-test.
Results: At follow-up, average stress score before admission to the cognitive behavioral program with immediate meditation therapy for nursing was 57.06±13.36. An average stress score after entering program immediately was 53.44±12.80. And after third month of the program, average stress score was 40.60±11.45. Comparing the differences of stress scores among the participants, the results showed that the average stress scores at 3 month follow-up were statistically significant lower than at baseline (p< .05).
Conclusions: Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Program combined with Meditation decreases stress among the third year nursing students studying in Mental Health Promotion and Psychiatric nursing subject (course).
Implications: Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Program combined with Meditation is a suitable method to manage stress and can be applied to other courses.
Folkman S, Lazarus R. Stress, appraisal, and coping. New York: Springer Publishing Company;1984.
Phraibueng D. Stress and Coping in Older Adults with Diabetes: Case Study. Journal of Boromarajonani College of Nursing, Bangkok 2020;36(2):286-98. (in Thai).
Tantalanukul S, Wongsawat P. Stress and stress management in nursing students. Uttaradit Journal 2017; 9(1): 81-92. (in Thai).
Saetan C, Kampun S. Stress and coping strategies of nursing students in clinical practice preparation of maternal and child health nursing and midwifery. Journal of Boromarajonani College of Nursing, Bangkok 2014;30(3):54-63. (in Thai).
Sattayatham C, Chansuk P, Chareonsuk S. Psychiatric nursing and mental health. Bangkok: Academic Welfare Program Royal Institute of Thailand; 2013. p. 121-33. (in Thai).
Sitthimongkol Y, Kaesornsamut P, Vongsirimas N. Psychiatric nursing (2nd edition). In: Pornchaikate A, editors. Bangkok: Scanart Publishing; 2016. p. 4-6. (in Thai).
Wichairam N, Sirikanchanatas V. Nursing students’ stress condition. Chalermkarnchana Journal 2017;4(2):107-16. (in Thai).
Khanthakhuarn N. Stress and related-factors of the first year undergraduate students of Chulalongkorn University [Master of Science Program in Mental Health Thesis]. Bangkok: Chulalongkorn University; 2015. (in Thai).
Beck AT. Cognitive Therapy: Basics and beyond. New York: Guilford; 1995.
Rakmaneewong Y, Pansuwan K, Danyuthasilpe C, Pothimas N. Effects of group cognitive behavioral therapy program combining with breathing meditation on nursing students’anxiety. Phitsanulok: Naresuan University; 2011. (in Thai).
Kritsanaprakornkit T, Hrongbutsri S, Krissanarakornkit P. Meditation therapy in psychiatric
and mental health. Khon Kaen: Khon Kaen University; 2009. p. 132-133. (in Thai).
Triamchaisri SK. Meditation for health. Bangkok: Punyachon Publishing; 2011. p.56-69. (in Thai).
Tanupabrungsun S, Lertsakornsiri M. The Effects of Meditation Practice Approaches by Integrating Satipatthana 4 and SKT1 on Mental Ability, Self-awareness and Academic Achievement of Nursing Students. Songklanagarind Journal of Nursing, Songkla 2016;36(4):13-8. (in Thai).
Krejcie RV, Morgan DW. Determining sample size for research activities. Educational and Psychological Measurement 1970;30(3):607-10.
Thapinta D, Kulachai S, Skulphan S, Srimongkontaratorn G, Boonyasiwapong S, Sukjit P. The effect of cognitive behavior therapy multi-channel program for declining depression. The Journal of Psychiatric nursing and mental health 2013;27(3) 1-15. (in Thai).
Mahutnirankul S, Phumpisan W, Tapanya P. Research report on the construction of Suanprung stress test. Chiang Mai: Suanprung hospital; 1997. (in Thai).
Tanupabrungsun S, Lertsakornsiri M. The Effects of Meditation Practice Approaches by Integrating Satipatthana 4 and SKT 1 on Mental Ability, Self-awareness and Academic Achievement of Nursing Students. Songklanagarind Journal of Nursing, Songkhla 2016;36(4): 13-28. (in Thai).
Thiammok M, Apisitwasana N. Effectiveness of World Café Instructional Model on Learning Achievement and Happiness in Learning of Nursing Students. Journal of Boromarajonani College of Nursing, Bangkok 2020;36(2): 243-54. (in Thai).
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Health and Nursing Research (Journal of Boromarajonani College of Nursing, Bangkok)
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Article published Is the copyright of the Journal of Health and Nursing Research (Boromarajonani College of Nursing, Bangkok) Cannot be republished in other journals