Factors relating Stress and Stress Coping Caregivers of People with Schizophrenia in Urban Family

Authors

  • Susaree Prakhinkit Faculty of Nursing, Siam University
  • Nutamon Boonlom Faculty of Nursing, Siam University
  • Lunchana Phimphanchaiyaboon Faculty of Nursing, Siam University, Bangkok
  • Naruemol Angsirisak Faculty of Nursing, Siam University, Bangkok
  • Suparun Phasuk Faculty of Nursing, Siam University
  • Rosaya Yuwapornpanit Public Health Service Center 36

Keywords:

stress, coping stress, schizophrenia, caregiver

Abstract

Abstract

          Introduction: Schizophrenia is a common chronic psychiatric disorder affecting many people in the community. It affects family, especially caregivers who are constantly exposed to changing symptoms of the patient causing stress

         Research objectives: The study aimed to investigate factors related to stress and coping strategies among caregivers of people with schizophreniain urban family.

         Research methodology: This study used a descriptive design. By using Yamane’s formula of sample size with a confidence coefficient of 95%  and population of 120,  the sample size required for this study needed to be 93 caregivers.  Data collection lasted for three months. I Instruments were  a socio-demographic description of the family,  the clinical status of the patient, the Suanprung Stress Test-20, and the Jalowiec Coping Scale.  Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, and correlation was analyzed using the Pearson's Correlation Coefficient.

         Results: Results showed that the stress level of caregivers was at moderate level (59.6%). Problem alleviation coping strategies were used; most of them were for coping with stress (62.8%).  Regarding patient factors, the clinical status of patient changes had positively significant associated with stress and problem alleviation coping strategies (p=.05). However, socio-demographic description of caregiver factors was not associated with stress.  Age, and relationship with the patient were positively significantly associated with problem confrontation and problem alleviation coping strategies (p=.05).

         Conclusions: The clinical status of patient changes was positively correlated to stress and coping strategies of caregivers.

          Implications: Mental healthcare of caregivers of schizophrenia patients should be  individually promoted  using coping skills with appropriate stress.  Support and assistance should be provided according to caregivers’ needs.

 

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Published

2022-04-01

How to Cite

1.
Prakhinkit ส, Boonlom น, Phimphanchaiyaboon ล, Angsirisak น, Phasuk ศ, Yuwapornpanit ร. Factors relating Stress and Stress Coping Caregivers of People with Schizophrenia in Urban Family. JHNR [Internet]. 2022 Apr. 1 [cited 2022 Jun. 26];38(1):268-79. Available from: https://he01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/bcnbangkok/article/view/247337

Issue

Section

Research articles