A Concept Analysis of HIV-Related Stigma


  • Natawan Khumsaen Boromarajonani College of Nursing, Suphanburi, Faculty of nursing, Praboromarajchanok Institute, Thailand
  • Supannee Peawnalaw Boromarajonani College of Nursing, Suphanburi, Faculty of nursing, Praboromarajchanok Institute, Thailand
  • Jintana Pechmanee Boromarajonani College of Nursing, Suphanburi, Faculty of nursing, Praboromarajchanok Institute, Thailand
  • Jittima Duangkaew Boromarajonani College of Nursing, Suphanburi, Faculty of nursing, Praboromarajchanok Institute, Thailand


HIV, stigma, concept analysis


HIV-Related Stigma has been important in nursing care and nursing research in people living with HIV (PLWH) and it is interesting concept, however, it is ambiguous in the phenomenon of HIV nursing. This paper aimed to analyze the concept of a HIV-related stigma and to clarify the meaning, define the attributes, and explain a term and the scope of the concept. The method used in the analysis
was based on Walker and Avant’s concept analysis which consisted of 8 important steps including selection of a concept of interest, determine the aims or purposes of analysis, identify all uses of the concept, determine the defining attributes, identify a model case, identify borderline, related, and contrary cases, identify antecedents and consequences, and define empirical referents, respectively.
Results of the concept analysis of HIV-related stigma are the following. HIV-related stigma was defined as negative feelings, beliefs, and attitudes towards people living with HIV. It is the prejudice that comes with labeling an individual as part of a group that is believed to be socially unacceptable. The defining attributes were 1) Unfavorable attitude from an individual or group; 2) Feeling devalued; 3) Unpleasant personal experience; 4) Perceived negative social norms; and 5) Discrimination. In conclusion, HIV-related stigma is a concept related to negative nursing outcomes. Hence, it should be utilized as a guide of assessing quality of nursing care and to develop measurements for the nursing research and nursing theory in the future.
the nursing research and nursing theory in the future.


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How to Cite

Khumsaen N, Peawnalaw S, Pechmanee J, Duangkaew J. A Concept Analysis of HIV-Related Stigma. JHNR [Internet]. 2020 Nov. 28 [cited 2022 Dec. 4];36(3):305-16. Available from: https://he01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/bcnbangkok/article/view/247018