Personality Traits and Work Role Performance of Nurses in Regional Hospitals


  • Adirake Changpean Faculty of Nursing, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand
  • Kulwadee Abhicharttibutra Faculty of Nursing, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand
  • Petsunee Thungjaroenkul Faculty of Nursing, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand


     The personality traits are important and related to work role performance of nurses. This correlational descriptive study aimed to examine the relationship between personality trait and work role performance among nurses in regional hospitals. Participants included 413 registered
nurse. Multistage random sampling method was used to recruit the participants. Instruments were the NEO-FFI personality trait scale and the work role performance scale. Cronbach’s alpha coefficients of both scales were .85 and .96, respectively. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and Spearman’s Rank Order Correlation coefficient. Results revealed that personality traits of nurses were agreeableness (75.30%), and conscientiousness (13.32%). The individual task proficiency, team member proficiency, and organization member proficiency were at a high level. The individual task adaptivity and team member adaptivity were at a high level. The organization member adaptivity was at a somewhat high level. The individual task proactivity, team member proactivity, and organization member proactivity were at a high level. The personality traits of conscientiousness, agreeableness, and extraversion significantly positively related to proficiency, adaptivity, and proactivity of work role performance. On the other hand, the personality trait of neuroticism significantly negatively related to proficiency, adaptivity, and proactivity of work role performance.
     The results of this study contributed to nurse managers in regional hospitals in developing staff’s personality traits to promote work role performance among nurses. The ultimate goal is to increase quality and efficiency of nursing services.
increase quality and efficiency of nursing services.


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How to Cite

Changpean A, Abhicharttibutra K, Thungjaroenkul P. Personality Traits and Work Role Performance of Nurses in Regional Hospitals. JHNR [Internet]. 2020 Nov. 11 [cited 2022 Dec. 4];36(3):192-203. Available from:



Research articles