The Effects of Project Based-Learning to Create Innovation for Developing of Reflective Thinking Ability of Nursing Students
Keywords:learning process, project based learning, reflection thinking’s behaviors
This quasi-experiment research aimed to analyze effects of project based-learning to create innovation for developing of reflective thinking ability of nursing student. The samples were 64 of the 3rd. year nursing student in academic year 2019 of Boromarajonani College of Nursing, Bangkok, registered for Maternal and Newborn Nursing and Midwifery I course. Sixty-four nursing students were randomly selected and divided into two groups: the experiment group and the control group. The instruments were used in the study consisting of the project based-learning lesson plan comprised of 6 steps: Step1 Synthesis of basic information, Step2 Stimulate interest, Step3 Group cooperation, Step4 Seeking for knowledge, Step5 Conclusion, and Step6 Presentation. The instruments of collecting data were a knowledge assessment for reflective thinking questionnaire, an attitude assessment for reflective thinking questionnaire and reflective thinking’s behavior questionnaire with the reliability
of 0.80, 0.79 and 0.81, respectively. Data collection period was 12 weeks. The data were analyzed by frequency, percentage, mean, standard deviation, Paired t- test and Independent T-test
The results of the study showed that after nursing students were taught by using the project based learning; the experiment group had statistically significant higher knowledge, attitude, and reflection thinking’s behavior scores than those before taught (p< .05). In conclusion, being in the project based-learning to create innovation can be used in developing the reflective thinking ability
of nursing student. The benefits of this project also assist nursing students to be a better critical thinker and have ability to make an appropriate decision in clinical nursing practice, that will improve the quality of patient care. Therefore, the project-based learning should be proceeding in other academic nursing courses.
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Article published Is the copyright of the Journal of Health and Nursing Research (Boromarajonani College of Nursing, Bangkok) Cannot be republished in other journals