Mental Health and Related Factors among Older Adults

Authors

  • Sunisa Khakhuen Boromarajonani College of nursing, Nakhon Ratchasima, Faculty of nursing, Praboromarajchanok Institute, Thailand
  • Haruethai Kongmaha Boromarajonani College of nursing, Nakhon Ratchasima, Faculty of nursing, Praboromarajchanok Institute, Thailand
  • Wichitr Phantong Boromarajonani College of nursing, Udonthani, Faculty of nursing, Praboromarajchanok Institute, Thailand
  • Prangthip Thasanoh Elter Boromarajonani College of nursing, Nakhon Ratchasima, Faculty of nursing, Praboromarajchanok Institute, Thailand

Keywords:

mental health, mental health factors, older adults

Abstract

     This descriptive research aimed to explore mental health of older adults and to examine relationship between personal factors and mental health of older adults living in Nakhon Ratchasima province.
Four hundred participants were recruited using multi-stage sampling. The sample size was determined using Krejcie and Morgan formula. Data were collected using a demographic form and Thai Mental Health
Indicator-15 (TMHI-15). The demographic form had been validated by three experts in gerontology. Its index of item-objective congruence was .67 and 1.00. The T-GMHA-15 was tested for its reliability and
established Cronbach’s alpha coefficient to be .92. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, Spearman’s rank correlation coefficient, and Chi-square test.
     The research results revealed that most older adults (57.75%) had mental health scores better than average. The total score was 51.61 (SD = 5.85). The mental health related to personal factors at p < .05
including educational level (χ2=17.194), enough income (χ2 = 36.50), occupation (χ2 = 19.86), health insurance (χ2 = 14.85), illness (χ2 = 6.71), and having falls in the past six months (χ2 = 5.80). In sum,
factors associated with mental, physical, and financial health in older adults are related. Programs raising awareness and readiness covering those three issues should be developed for young adults, so they are prepared to cope with those when older.

 

 


prepared to cope with those when older.

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Published

2020-11-11

How to Cite

1.
Khakhuen ส, Kongmaha ห, Phantong ว, Thasanoh Elter ป. Mental Health and Related Factors among Older Adults. JHNR [Internet]. 2020 Nov. 11 [cited 2022 Jun. 26];36(3):150-63. Available from: https://he01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/bcnbangkok/article/view/246933

Issue

Section

Research articles