Factors Related to Hygiene Behaviors among Myanmar Workers in Seafood Processing Industries, Samut Prakan Province

Authors

  • Anongnart Pragobsuk Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand
  • Naruemon Auemaneekul Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand
  • Surintorn Kalampakorn Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand

Keywords:

hygiene behaviors, Myanmar workers, seafood processing industries

Abstract

     Migrant workers are at risk for communicable diseases. Good hygiene behavior is an important basic behavior to decrease communicable diseases. This descriptive study aimed to examine hygiene behaviors and factors related to hygiene behaviors among Myanmar migrant workers in seafood industries, Samut Prakan province. Participants were 370 Myanmar migrant workers. Multi-stage random sampling method was used to recruit participants. Data were collected using interview forms developed by the researchers and they were tested for content validity by the experts. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics (frequency distribution, percentage, mean, and standard deviation) and inferential
statistics (Chi-square test and Binary logistic regression).
    Results showed that most of the participants reported good hygiene behaviors (79.20%) (Mean = 32.46, SD. = 1.45). Knowledge about hygiene, healthcare attitude, perceived self-efficacy in hygiene, health promotion policies in industries, access to healthcare services and media, and social support were statistically significantly related to hygiene behaviors among Myanmar migrant workers in seafood industries, Samut Prakan Province (p<.05). Moreover, multiple logistic regression analysis revealed that perception of health promotion policies in the industry (ORadj = 2.85; 95%CI = 1.42-5.75), perceived self-efficacy in hygiene (ORadj = 2.30; 95%CI = 1.14-4.65), access to health services and health media (ORadj = 2.19; 95%CI = 1.09-4.42), and social support (ORadj = 2.04; 95%CI = 1.04-4.03) were significantly related to hygiene behaviors, respectively.
     Findings from this study indicated the importance of building awareness about good hygiene behaviors among migrant workers and supporting organizations to develop policies or measures concerning workers’ hygiene in each industry to promote the sustainable hygiene behaviors among
workers.

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Published

2020-11-28

How to Cite

1.
Pragobsuk A, Auemaneekul N, Kalampakorn S. Factors Related to Hygiene Behaviors among Myanmar Workers in Seafood Processing Industries, Samut Prakan Province. JHNR [Internet]. 2020 Nov. 28 [cited 2022 Dec. 4];36(3):80-93. Available from: https://he01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/bcnbangkok/article/view/246856

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Section

Research articles