Predicting Factors of Condom Use among High School Boys
Keywords:condom use, student, high school, IMB model
The trend of condom use among students is increasing according to the Nation Condom Strategy of the Ministry of Public Health but the rate of sexually transmitted infections among adolescents aged 15-24 years old is continually increasing too. This is a cross-sectional study which is aimed in identifying predicting factors of condom use among high school boys by using the Information-Motivation-Behavioral skills model as a study framework. Stratified random sampling technique was used to recruit 448 students who are studying in 10 high schools in Muang Phitsanulok District in the academic year of 2018. The quantitative data was collected by using a questionnaire of condom use survey including demographic data, sexually transmitted infections and condom use knowledge, attitudes toward condom use, sexual communication with family, comfortable to talk about sex, peer pressure, and perceived condom use self-efficacy. The quantitative data was analyzed using descriptive statistic and Logistic regression.
The results found that high school boys who are older, lower GPA, more sexual communication with family, feeling more comfortable to talk about sex, with high score of peer pressure, and high score of perceived condom use self-efficacy will be able to use condom statistically significant (p-value < 0.05). The prediction equation of condom use among high school boys was (y) = -0.497 + 0.118 (age) - 0.240(GPA) + 0.223(Sexual communication with family) + 0.026(Comfortable to talk about sex) + 0.073(Peer pressure) + 0.016(Perceived condom use self-efficacy). They accounted for 15.6% (Nagellkerke R2 = 0.156). This finding can develop a condom use promotion program among high school boys.
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