Effects of Family Caregiving Support on Caregiving Burden among Family Caregivers of Older Person with Dementia
Keywords:burden, family caregivers, older persons with dementia, social support
Dementia is a memory loss and functional decline. People with dementia usually have Behavioral and Psychological Symptoms of Dementia (BPSD) and they are dependent on their family caregivers. These limitations of the patient have resulted in the caregiver's burden. This quasi-experimental study aimed to examine effects of the Family Caregiving Support Program (FCS) on burden among primary caregivers of older person with dementia in their family at least six months. Participants consisted of 30 family caregivers who are equally randomly assigned to an experimental and a control group. Those in experimental group received usual care combined with five sessions of FCS involving a group discussion, and two sessions of continuing care and telephone visit. This comprised of 15 – 60 minutes within 8 weeks. Caregivers in control group received activities from usual care. Thai version of the Zarit Burden interview was used to measure the caregiver’s burden. Data were analyzed using independent t-test.
Results: At baseline, the burden mean score of both groups was not statistically significant difference (p>.05). After completion of the FCS, the burden mean score of the experimental group was statistically significant lower than the mean score of those prior to implementing the program (p<.05). Mean score of the experimental group was statistically significant lower than the mean score of the control group (p<.05). Therefore, FCS in this study would be useful to decrease burden in family caregivers of older adults with dementia. It should be conducted to help families taking care of dementia patients.
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Article published Is the copyright of the Journal of Health and Nursing Research (Boromarajonani College of Nursing, Bangkok) Cannot be republished in other journals